Endodontics Certificate with Master's Option

Overview

The Advanced Education Program in Endodontics is a 26-month Certificate program of intensive study, research and clinical activity designed to meet the formal requirements for eligibility to take the certifying examination of the American Board of Endodontics.   Following admission to the Certificate Program, students have the option to apply for the M.S. in Dental Science Program also.  Prior to the student's graduation, dental research results are expected to be formally written in publishable format and submitted for publication in a refereed scientific journal and a variety of 10 clinical cases must be submitted in the American Board of Endodontics format. 

Certificate courses applicable toward a concurrent enrollment in the M.S. in Dental Science:

ENDO 5020Introduction to Advanced Endodontics (Summer PGI)2.5
INTD 5013Perio/Pros/Endo/Orth Interdisciplinary Course 1 (Fall PGI)1
ENDO 5052Endodontic Surgical Anatomy (Fall PGI)1.5
INTD 5013Perio/Pros/Endo/Orth Interdisciplinary Course 1 (Spring PGI)1
INTD 6014Perio/Pros/Endo/Orth Interdisciplinary Course 2 (Fall PGII)1
INTD 6014Perio/Pros/Endo/Orth Interdisciplinary Course 2 (Spring PGIII)1
INTD 6115Perio/Pros/Endo/Ortho Interdisciplinary Course 3 (Fall PGIII)1
ENDO 6077Current Literature Review (Spring PGI)1
ENDO 6087Case Presentations 3 (Fall PGIII)1
Track total11
M.S. total34

Admissions Requirements

  • Official dental school transcripts
  • Official evaluation of dental school transcripts for international students
  • National Board Part 1 exam scores for all dental students
  • GRE exam scores for international dental students
  • TOEFL exam scores for non-English speakers
  • GPA/Class Rank
  • 3 letters of recommendation
  • $50.00 application fee
  • Interview with Program Director and Faculty 

Degree Requirements

  • Completion of all course work with a minimum of a 3.0 GPA.
  • Completion of a research project.
  • Completion of a portfolio of ten treatment cases to be submitted to the American Board of Endodontics.

Sample Plan of Study

First Year

First Year
FallCredit Hours
ENDO 5015Dental Photography 0.5
ENDO 5020Introduction to Advanced Endodontics 2 2.5
ENDO 5073Literature Review 1 5
ENDO 5080Case Presentations 1 4.5
ENDO 6075Current Literature Review 1.5
MSDS 5090Grad Research Methodology 1 2
DIAG 5050Fundamentals of Dental Radiography 1
ENDO 5010Clinical Endodontics 1 2.5
ENDO 5017Clinical Seminar 1 2
INTD 5013Perio/Pros/Endo/Orth Interdisciplinary Course 1 2 1
MSDS 5020Dental Biomed Core 1 1 4
MSDS 5157Research 1- Project Proposal 1 1
INTD 7091Independent Studies 1-9
PATH 5035Oral Pathology 2
MSDS 5121Biostatistics 1 1
PERI 5052Surgical Anatomy 1
PROS 5050Dental Implantology 1
Spring
ENDO 5011Clinical Endodontics 1 3
ENDO 5018Clinical Seminar 1 2
ENDO 5071Supervised Teaching 1
ENDO 5075Literature Review 1 4
ENDO 5082Case Presentations 1 4
ENDO 5052Endodontic Surgical Anatomy 2 1.5
MSDS 5257Research 1- Project Proposal 1 2
ENDO 6077Current Literature Review 2 1
INTD 5013Perio/Pros/Endo/Orth Interdisciplinary Course 1 2 1
MSDS 5021Dental Biomed Core 2 1 1
 Total Credit Hours: 54.0-62.0

Second Year

Second Year
FallCredit Hours
ENDO 6010Clinical Endodontics 2 6
ENDO 6073Literature Review 2 5
ENDO 6075Current Literature Review 1.5
ENDO 6083Case Presentations 2 1
ENDO 6084Case Presentations 2 4
INTD 6014Perio/Pros/Endo/Orth Interdisciplinary Course 2 2 1
MSDS 6357Research 2- Data Collection 1 3
INTD 6019Pharmacotherapeutics 1
Spring
ENDO 6012Clinical Endodontics 2 5
ENDO 6071Supervised Teaching 1
ENDO 6077Current Literature Review 1
ENDO 6060Pulp Biology and Pain Pharmacology 1.5
ENDO 6078Literature Review 4
ENDO 6085Case Presentations 2 4
INTD 6014Perio/Pros/Endo/Orth Interdisciplinary Course 2 2 1
MSDS 6357Research 2- Data Collection 1 3
 Total Credit Hours: 43.0

Third Year

Students graduating with Endodontics Certificate only:

Third Year
FallCredit Hours
ENDO 6080Focused Regendo Research 4
 Total Credit Hours: 4.0

 Students graduating with Masters in Dental Science in Endodontics:

Third Year
FallCredit Hours
ENDO 6013Clinical Endodontics 3 0.5
ENDO 6075Current Literature Review 2 1.5
ENDO 6086Case Presentations 3 2
ENDO 6080Focused Regendo Research (Focused Regendo Research) 4
ENDO 6087Case Presentations 3 2 1
MSDS 6058Research 3- Data Analysis 1 2
MSDS 6098Thesis 1 4
INTD 6115Perio/Pros/Endo/Ortho Interdisciplinary Course 3 2 1
 Total Credit Hours: 16.0
1

 Required for M.S. in Dental Science, Endodontics Track

2

 Required for both Certificate and for M.S. in Dental Science

Objectives/Program Outcomes

Goals

Consistent with the Health Science Center mission and with the Standards for Advanced Specialty Education Programs in Endodontics, the program goals are to provide each student with an excellent, individualized educational experience in four areas:  1)  biomedical sciences, 2) clinical sciences, 3) teaching, 4) research and to ultimately prepare each student to achieve certification by the American Board of Endodontics.

Objectives

The objectives of the program are to provide instruction and/or clinical experience in the following areas:

  1.  Biomedical sciences
    1. Anatomy and histology, including embryology
    2. Microbiology, infection and immunology
    3. Oral medicine and pathology
    4. Biochemistry and physiology
    5. Pharmacology
  2. Clinical sciences
    1. Patient evaluation and management, including emergencies
    2. Endodontic radiology, diagnosis and treatment plans
    3. Pain and infection, including pharmacologic management
    4. Nonsurgical and surgical endodontic procedures
    5. Restoration of endodontically treated teeth
    6. Evaluation of endodontic therapy
    7. Practice management
  3. Teaching endodontics
    1. Presentations in lectures, seminars and table clinic
    2. Preclinical instruction of undergraduate students
    3. Clinical instruction of undergraduate students
  4. Research
    1. Statistics, research design and methodology
    2. Investigation and evaluation of the literature
    3. Written and oral presentation of research results

The curriculum of instruction and experience in biomedical and clinical sciences is well balanced with teaching and research experience. The ultimate objective of the program is to develop students who are well prepared for candidacy for certification by the American Board of Endodontics and for continued career progress in clinical practice or academic achievement.

Program Policies

Probation and Dismissal

An advanced education student may be placed on academic probation for reasons of substandard performance in didactic, clinical, behavioral or professional/ethical areas.  A student whose overall grade point average falls below B (3.0) or who receives a final grade of D, F or U for any course during any one grading period will be considered for a recommendation of academic probation by the departmental Residency Oversight Committee of the appropriate program. A recommendation for probation will be made to the Advanced Education Committee’s (AEC) Graduate Program Directors Subcommittee, which is comprised of the Program Directors of all the Advanced Education Programs in the School of Dentistry and the Associate Dean for Student Affairs. Only the Program Directors will be voting members of this Subcommittee; the Associate Dean for Student Affairs will serve in an ex officio capacity as a non-voting member.  In addition, the departmental Residency Oversight Committee may recommend to the AEC’s Graduate Program Directors Subcommittee that a student be placed on academic probation for clinical, behavioral or professional/ethical performance that does not meet the standards of the program. The AEC’s Graduate Program Directors Subcommittee will formally place the student on academic probation upon majority vote of the members.

A student placed on academic probation will be given written notification by the Chair of the Advanced Education Committee of such status. This notification will serve as an official warning to the student that her or his didactic, clinical, behavioral and/or professional/ethical performance is below standard and continuation in the postgraduate program is in jeopardy.  The student will be allowed an opportunity to correct the substandard performance that led to academic probation status over a probationary time period determined by the departmental Residency Oversight Committee. At subsequent monthly AEC meetings, the Program Director of the affected residency will report to the AEC on the status of the probated student’s progress. Upon the student’s successful correction of performance deficiencies, he or she will be removed from academic probation.  A student will remain on probation for as long as her or his cumulative GPA is below 3.0. While on probation, a student must maintain a B average in those courses for which he or she is registered or be considered for dismissal recommendation by the departmental Residency Oversight Committee. A recommendation to remove the student from academic probation will be made by the departmental Residency Oversight Committee to the AEC’s Graduate Program Directors Subcommittee, which will remove academic probation status upon majority vote on the members.

If the substandard performance that led to academic probation is not corrected, the student will be subject to dismissal from the program.  A recommendation for dismissal will be made by the departmental Residency Oversight Committee to the AEC’s Graduate Program Directors Subcommittee. The AEC’s Graduate Program Directors Subcommittee will consider the recommendation for dismissal and will formally dismiss the student from the program upon majority vote of the members.  A student will be subject to dismissal actions without a probationary period if he or she receives a final grade of D or F for 4 (four) or more credit hours of required course work during a single grading period.

During academic probation and dismissal actions, the student may address the AEC Graduate Program Directors Subcommittee in writing or may request permission to appear before the Subcommittee to present her or his views. The Advanced Education Committee will transmit recommendations for dismissal through the Associate Dean for Student Affairs to the Dean. Students may appeal academic dismissal to the School of Dentistry Dean. 

Student Mistreatment

Mistreatment of students will not be tolerated. Mistreatment, intentional or unintentional, occurs when behavior shows disrespect for the dignity of others and interferes with the learning process. Student mistreatment may take many forms all of which impact student performance. Sexual harassment and assault, are defined as forms of student mistreatment  as defined in the Section 4.2.2 “Sexual Harassment and Sexual Misconduct Policy” of the Handbook of Operating Procedures  (HOP). 

Student access to personnel and processes for resolution without retaliation is detailed below. Examples of behavior that are unacceptable to the School of Dentistry include: 

  • Physical or sexual harassment/assault
  • Discrimination or harassment based on race, gender, age, ethnicity, religious beliefs, sexual orientation, or disability
  • Disparaging or demeaning comments about an individual or group
  • Loss of personal civility including shouting, displays of temper, public or private abuse, belittling, or humiliation
  • Use of grading or other forms of evaluation in a punitive or retaliatory manner
  • Sending student on inappropriate errands

Dental students who feel they have been mistreated may report such perceptions to any of the following:

  • Associate Dean for Student Affairs
  • Executive Director of the Academic, Faculty and Student Ombudsperson and ADA Compliance Office
  • Senior Director, Student Success & Title IX Director

These school representatives are empowered to informally discuss a student’s perceptions related to mistreatment, providing guidance. These school representatives should refer the student immediately to the Associate Dean for Student Affairs for further instructions. 

A grievance involving perceived mistreatment can be resolved in an informal or a formal manner. A student pursuing an informal nonacademic grievance resolution must contact the Associate Dean for Student Affairs, in writing, within five business days of the alleged grievance. (If the grievance involves staff, faculty, student(s) from the broader Health Science Center community, the Associate Dean for Student Affairs will liaison with other appropriate authorities, as indicated.) The Associate Dean for Student Affairs will assist the student in the informal resolution of the grievance, to be completed within 30 calendar days from the written grievance. If an informal resolution is not achieved, the aggrieved student has an additional five business days to file a formal written grievance. 

A student considering a formal nonacademic grievance must contact the Associate Dean for Student Affairs for review of applicable policies and procedures. If the allegation is one of sexual harassment/assault, the Associate Dean for Student Affairs will engage the Health Science Center’s Senior Director, Student Success & Title IX Director. The Health Science Center is committed to maintaining a learning and working environment that is free from discrimination based on sex in accordance with Title IX of the Higher Education Amendments of 1972 (Title IX), which prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in educational programs or activities; Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Title VII), which prohibits sex discrimination in employment (Section 4.2.1 in the HOP); and the Campus Sexual Violence Elimination Act (SaVE Act).

(Please see additional related policies “General Regulations and Requirements, Sexual Assault Policy” at http://www.uthscsa.edu/eeo/harassment.asp )

The student must file a formal written grievance with the Associate Dean for Student Affairs within five business days from the alleged incident. A student initially attempting informal grievance must file the formal grievance, in writing, within five business days of the 30 calendar days allowed for informal resolution. The formal grievance must include a detailed description of the grievance and a proposed resolution, if possible. If the grievance involves/accuses Health Science Center non-dental students or employees, the Associate Dean for Student Affairs will facilitate engagement with appropriate advocacy/supervisory institutional authorities. Copies of the written grievance will be made available to named parties and the appropriate advocacy/supervisory institutional authorities. The Associate Dean for Student Affairs (and appropriate institutional authorities noted above) may, at her/his discretion, hold discussions with or without the involved/accused individual(s) to hear and resolve the grievance, schedule a meeting between the student and the involved/accused individual(s) and/or involve other parties in facilitating a resolution of the grievance. This process will be afforded 30 calendar days from receipt of the written grievance to resolve the grievance, providing the aggrieved student a written summary of resolution. 

If the aggrieved student is dissatisfied with the resolution, he/she may file a formal written appeal with the Dean of the School of Dentistry (SOD) within 5 business days of the decision. The decision of the Dean of the SOD is final. The Dean of the SOD has 30 calendar days to provide a written decision to the student and to the Dean for Student Affairs. 

DIAG Courses

DIAG 5007. Graduate OMR Clinic. 3 Credit Hours.

The Graduate Radiology Clinic is in operation five full days per week. Services include intra- and extra-oral radiography, panoramic, cephalometric, linear, and multi-directional tomography; sialography; arthrography; CT image processing; and planned CT image acquisition.

DIAG 5009. Introduction To Dental Radiology. 1 Credit Hour.

This course provides students with an opportunity to learn the special terminology associated with dental radiography in addition to theoretical principles of intraoral radiography. Students will have the opportunity to develop preclinical technical skills in placing, exposing, processing, and mounting dental radiographs using a technique mannequin (DXTTR), and as technology permits, preliminary experiences using digital imaging technology and the photostimulable phosphor system (PSP). Students will also have the opportunity to gain preliminary experience in the assessment of radiographs for normal anatomic structures, radiographic technique errors, caries, periodontal disease, and other common dental anomalies.

DIAG 5012. Introduction To Graduate Clinic. 1 Credit Hour.

This course is an introduction to the principles and practices of radiology report writing. It will include sections on software utilization, report writing, implant diagnosis and reporting, TMJ diagnosis and reporting. In addition, student will be mentored by upperclassmen on the mechanics of operating the radiological devices owned and operated by the graduate OMFR clinic.

DIAG 5014. Physical Evaluation 1. 1.5 Credit Hour.

This course is intended to afford students maximal opportunity to recognize the relevance of basic biomedical sciences to the study of the patient and to provide the fabric for the accumulation of knowledge, skills, and values essential to initiate the clinical process. It includes didactic and clinical experience in obtaining and interpreting a patient history; extraoral and intraoral physical examination procedures; and interpretation of the findings of the examination.

DIAG 5015. Panoramic Radiology. 1 Credit Hour.

This lecture course includes topics such as the principles of panoramic radiology, concepts of panoramic image formation, review of anatomic structures, clinical techniques, and recognition and correction of panoramic errors. Also, the uses and limitations of panoramic radiology as well as digital panoramic radiology will be discussed. The goal is to achieve competency in this subject matter. Proficiency will be achieved during clinical rotations in panoramic radiology as part of the graduate OMR clinic experience.

DIAG 5016. Head & Neck Anatomy. 1 Credit Hour.

This review course is designed to provide the resident with the opportunity to acquire an anatomical foundation for oral and maxillofacial radiology. The course uses interactive computer-based head and neck clinical anatomy software as well as digital libraries of radiographic and cross-sectional anatomical specimens. Numerous Internet- based references are also used to provide the student with the most up-to-date and graphic information. Clinical anatomic information is correlated with plain film, CT, and MRI images to provide a contextual reference between clinical and radiographic anatomy. Written and oral examinations are given to assess competency in this area.

DIAG 5017. Literature Review. 1 Credit Hour.

Each week a topic in Oral and Maxillofacial radiology is discussed. In addition, students receive a block of instruction in evidence-based literature evaluation. At each session a student leader presents from 2-4 papers that meet the current topic. Articles are approved by the course director beforehand for scientific accuracy, validity, and relevance. Students are expected to read the articles before the session and participate in the group discussion. Discussion is facilitated by a question and response format led by the course director. Literature from past reviews is filed for student reference.

DIAG 5018. Practicum In Oral Medicine. 4 Credit Hours.

Practice in clinical skills required for diagnosis, management, and treatment of oral and perioral diseases, including such special procedures as sialography, cytological smearing, biopsy, and culture taking is offered. A comprehensive review of the conditions that the dentist may be called upon to diagnose and treat as the result of the physical examination of the patient is the focus of this course. Topics include extraoral findings such as general appearance of the hands, eyes, ears, nose and neck; intraoral findings such as lesions as in lip swelling or palatal swelling; and color changes, surface changes, and other problems such as pain and functional disorders.

DIAG 5019. Digital Imaging. 1 Credit Hour.

This survey course is designed to give the maxillofacial radiology resident the opportunity to gain a basic understanding of digital imaging. The course utilizes classroom lectures as well as computer laboratory exercises to demonstrate the application of digital imaging in a clinical setting. The course covers all aspects of digital imaging including: fundamental basis for digital imaging, image enhancement and restoration, image analysis, image compression, image synthesis, and image display. The course also covers specific information related to digital imaging modalities such as computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasound, and dental digital radiography.

DIAG 5026. Diagnostic Imaging Of The Jaws. 4 Credit Hours.

The goal of this class is to achieve competency regarding the interpretation of plain and advanced images of hard and soft tissue conditions affecting the teeth, jaws, and surrounding structures of the maxillofacial complex including, but not limited to, the paranasal sinuses, salivary glands, and trauma. The material is presented and repeated through three basic formats: by pattern recognition, by disease process, and as further analyzed using contrast studies, CT, MR, nuclear scans, and ultrasound images where applicable. This course forms the basis for more advanced seminar and clinical courses through which proficiency is required to be achieved.

DIAG 5027. Advanced Radiation Physics. 1 Credit Hour.

This course presents the advanced principles of radiation physics as they apply to medical and dental diagnostic radiology. Topics include the nature and production of X-rays, interactions of X-rays with matter, the physics of films and intensifying screens, the nature of the radiographic image, fundamentals of radiation protection, principles of tomography, and panoramic radiography.

DIAG 5028. Advanced Radiation Physics Lab. 0.5 Credit Hours.

This laboratory is given in conjunction with DIAG 5027 Advanced Radiation Physics. Students will be given the opportunity to perform laboratory assignments designed to further their understanding of the practical applications of the principles of advanced radiation physics.

DIAG 5036. Diagnostic Imaging of Jaws Pt. 2. 2 Credit Hours.

This course building on DIAG 5026 Diagnostic Imaging of the Jaws Part 1. The goal of this class is to achieve competency regarding the interpretation of plain and advanced images of hard and soft tissue conditions affecting the teeth, jaws, and surrounding structures of the maxillofacial complex including, but not limited to, the paranasal sinuses, salivary glands, and trauma. The material is presented and repeated through three basic formats: by pattern recognition, by disease process, and as further analyzed using contrast students, CT, MR, nuclear scans, and ultrasound images where applicable. This course forms the basis for more advanced seminar and clinical courses through which proficiency is required to be achieved.

DIAG 5037. Oral And Maxillofacial Radiology Interpretation 1. 1 Credit Hour.

The overall purpose of this course is to provide students with learning experiences that will give them the opportunity to develop proficiency in OMR image analysis and interpretation. This course meets in one-hour sessions with a seminar or grand rounds format. Each week, students receive cases and are requested to generate a written report and present the case to other students and faculty. Cases include a variety of diagnoses that comprise the field of oral and maxillofacial radiology including both typical and unusual examples. Additionally, high-quality, properly exposed images are supplied. Many examples include plain film, CT, and MR for the same case. Additional cases include other imaging modalities such as tomograms, contrast studies, and nuclear scans. In some instances, glass slides and a microscope are used to correlate histological features with MR images, an activity much requested by students. Imaging particular to salivary gland disease and TMJ disorders will also be emphasized. Students will record these cases in a special section of their logbook and may, circumstances permitting, copy the cases for future reference or teaching. The course director's collection of cases is one of the most extensive and is broadly representative and thus guarantees the student exposure to a variety of clinical cases which cannot be assured through the various clinical experiences during the time frame of the program.

DIAG 5040. Basic Principles Of Oral And Maxillofacial Imaging. 2 Credit Hours.

This is a didactic and clinical course aimed at providing oral and maxillofacial radiology residents with basic knowledge of oral and maxillofacial radiographic anatomy and helps the residents develop proficiency in routine and special OMF imaging procedures. The course consists of a complete review of plain film techniques used in OMF radiography and hands-on imaging exercises with radiographic phantoms. The radiographic anatomy displayed on these projections will be reviewed in lecture and exercise format using the practice phantom films and radiographic anatomy review sets. Boney anatomy and organ-based anatomy will be reviewed.

DIAG 5044. Radiation Physics Lab. 0.5 Credit Hours.

This laboratory is given in conjunction with DIAG 5045 Radiation Physics. Students will be given the opportunity to perform laboratory assignments designed to further their understanding of the practical applications of the principles of radiation physics.

DIAG 5045. Radiation Physics. 3 Credit Hours.

This introductory course presents the fundamental principles of radiation physics as they apply to medical and dental diagnostic radiology. Topics include the nature and production of X-rays, interactions of X-rays with matter, the physics of films and intensifying screens, the nature of the radiographic image, fundamentals of radiation protection, principles of tomography, and panoramic radiography.

DIAG 5049. Practical Infection Control. 1 Credit Hour.

This course provides students with an opportunity to learn the special terminology associated with dental radiography in addition to theoretical principles of intraoral radiography. Students will have the opportunity to develop preclinical technical skills in placing, exposing, processing, and mounting dental rediographs using a technique mannequin (DXTTR), and as technology permits, preliminary experiences using digital imaging technology and the photostimulable phosphor system (PSP). Students will also have the opportunity to gain preliminary experience in the assessment of radiographs for normal anatomic structures, radiographic technique errors, caries, periodontal disease, and other common dental anomalies.

DIAG 5050. Fundamentals of Dental Radiography. 1 Credit Hour.

This lecture course reviews the basics of diagnostic radiography and introduces the latest techniques. Review includes sessions on exposure factors, projection techniques, film processing, and radiation protection. The major extraoral technique stressed in the course is panoramic radiography, including normal anatomy, technique errors, and interpretation. Skull projections are reviewed and basic principles and indications of special techniques such as xeroradiography, CT, nuclear medicine, and others are presented as time allows.

DIAG 5070. Supervised Teaching. 1 Credit Hour.

Graduate students are assigned to the various clinics, laboratories, and classes for the opportunity to acquire experience in teaching undergraduate students in a variety of situations. Supervision and evaluation of teaching performance is provided by the graduate faculty.

DIAG 5091. Case Conference. 1 Credit Hour.

This course meets weekly and serves as a venue for students to plan and present their cases to other students and faculty, and supply follow-up information where feasible.

DIAG 5092. Diag Science Seminar. 1 Credit Hour.

The format of this course includes presentations, reviews, and discussions of current cases from the Dental Diagnostic Science Clinic as well as cases of interest from the teaching file.

DIAG 5093. Diag Science Seminar. 1 Credit Hour.

The format of this course includes presentations, reviews, and discussions of current cases from the Dental Diagnostic Science Clinic as well as cases of interest from the teaching file.

DIAG 5181. Principles Forensic Odontology. 1 Credit Hour.

A didactic course covering such topics as forensic photography, forensic radiology, dental identification, mass disaster techniques, bite mark analysis, child abuse, and courtroom protocol. Students will be encouraged to investigate specific areas in more detail. (This course is an elective for the MS degree.).

DIAG 6000. Introduction to Advanced Dental Diagnostic Science for Interns. 1 Credit Hour.

DIAG 6005. Clinical Path Conference. 1 Credit Hour.

Formal review of clinical, radiographic, and histopathologic presentations of various conditions affecting the head and neck area and the oral cavity, in particular, is presented. A variety of cases are presented for group discussion with a view toward obtaining a differential diagnosis.

DIAG 6007. Graduate Oral And Maxillofacial Clinic. 3 Credit Hours.

The Graduate Radiology Clinic is in operation five full days per week. Services include intra- and extra-oral radiography, panoramic, cephalometric, linear, and multi-directional tomography; sialography; arthrography; CT image processing; and planned CT image acquisition.

DIAG 6008. Orofacial Pain. 2 Credit Hours.

This course is designed to introduce the student to the field of orofacial pain. The course objectives include: introduction to orofacial pain, assessment of orofacial pain disorders, diagnostic classification of orofacial pain disorders, differential diagnosis and management of vascular intracranial disorders, differential diagnosis and management of neuralgias, nerve trunk pain and deafferentation pain, differential diagnosis and management of intraoral pain, differential diagnosis and management of temporomandibular disorders, and differential diagnosis and management of mental disorders.

DIAG 6009. Noninfectious Diseases/Oral Mucosa. 2 Credit Hours.

This course is designed to discuss a selected group of diseases of the oral mucosa with the primary purpose of presenting diagnostic and therapeutic guidelines. The role of oral medicine specialists in the care of noninfectious oral mucosal diseases, appropriate (e.g., timely and accurate) consultations/referral, definitive therapy, clinical review (e.g., the disease and/or side-effects of theory), disease prevention, and counseling of patients and relatives will be discussed.

DIAG 6011. Clinical Medicine. 2 Credit Hours.

Today's clinician must treat more medically and pharmacologically compromised patients than ever before. It is axiomatic that they must have a basic understanding of diseases throughout the body. Such an obligation is tempered by the extent to which a disease or illness affects the physical and emotional ability of the patient to undergo and respond to dental care. Finally, such an obligation is further influenced by the extent to which a condition (infectious disease) may impact on the well being of the oral health care provider. The course is based on the prevalent medical diagnoses suggested by the top 200 drugs dispensed by U.S. community pharmacies. It is designed to present the pathophysiology of disease states of special interest, the principles of current and accepted medical and/or pharmacological management of these conditions, and the clinical consequences of disease and illness in the oral health-care setting.

DIAG 6017. Literature Review. 1 Credit Hour.

Each week a topic in Oral and Maxillofacial radiology is discussed. In addition, students receive a block of instruction in evidence-based literature evaluation. At each session, a student leader presents from 2-4 papers that meet the current topic. Articles are approved beforehand by the course director, for scientific accuracy, validity, and relevance. Students are expected to read the articles before the session and participate in the group discussion. Discussion is facilitated by a question and response format led by the course director. Literature from past reviews is filed for student reference.

DIAG 6018. OMR Case Conference. 1 Credit Hour.

This course meets weekly and serves as a venue for students to plan and present their cases to other students and faculty, and supply follow-up information where feasible.

DIAG 6019. Chemosensory Disorders/Salivary Gl Dysfunctions. 2 Credit Hours.

Chemosensory disorders affect in particular disproportionately a large segment of the elderly population, the fastest growing segment of the western industrialized nation. Also saliva plays a major role in the preservation and protection of the oral and pharyngeal tissues. When salivary gland function is altered, multiple stomatologic and systemic disorders can develop. This graduate level elective course is designed to make the graduate student (oral medicine) aware of the etiology, prevalence and mechanisms of normal and diseased chemosensation and salivary gland functions of the oral cavity. Its focus will be on the diagnosis and management of patients with taste, smell and salivary gland dysfunctions.

DIAG 6020. Tumor Board. 1 Credit Hour.

The class meets for one hour once a week at the MARC building and is sponsored by the Department of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery. Students will have the opportunity to learn case management and prognosis of patients with oral and maxillofacial and head and neck tumors, exposure to the diagnostic imaging work-up of the patients presented, interact with attending medical and dental specialists, attend special seminars related to tumor board, and have an opportunity to interact with various medical residents for further learning opportunities. Students are expected to share some of their learning experiences and present cases during case conferences to other OMR program venues such as graduate clinic.

DIAG 6021. Medical Radiology Rotation. 2 Credit Hours.

Medical radiology training occurs within the dental school using image-acquired data from a medical clinic. It also occurs in the University Hospital, at Wilford Hall Medical Center at nearby Lackland Air Force Base, and in a private radiology clinic. Cases using advanced imaging are available in the program director's extensive collection to further enhance medical radiology training. A minimum of 7.5 semester credit hours are required. Each student must enroll in a minimum of three one-month rotations.

DIAG 6022. Practicum In Oral Medicine. 6 Credit Hours.

Practice in clinical skills required for diagnosis, management, and treatment of oral and perioral diseases, including such special procedures as sialography, cytological smearing, biopsy, and culture taking is offered. The focus of this course is a comprehensive review of the conditions that the dentist may be called upon to diagnose and treat as the result of the physical examination of the patient. Topics include extraoral findings such as general appearance of the hands, eyes, ears, nose and neck; intraoral findings such as lesions in lip swelling or palatal swelling; and color changes, surface changes, and other problems such as pain and functional disorders.

DIAG 6025. Diagnostic Imaging Of The Head And Neck. 4 Credit Hours.

The goal of this course is to achieve competency regarding the interpretation of plain and advanced images of hard- and soft-tissue conditions affecting the teeth, jaws and surrounding structures of the maxillofacial complex including, but not limited to, the paranasal sinuses, salivary glands, and trauma. The material is presents and repeated through three basic formats: by pattern recognition, by disease process, and as further analyzed using contrast students, CT, MR, nuclear scans and ultrasound images where applicable. This course forms the basis for more advanced seminar and clinical courses through which proficiency is required to be achieved.

DIAG 6027. Advanced Imaging Technology. 3 Credit Hours.

This course will provide oral and maxillofacial radiology residents with proficiency level understanding of the physical principles of all the advanced imaging methods and techniques (i.e., computed tomography), magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasounds and radionuclide imaging commonly used in medical care, and understand the clinical applications of these advanced imaging modalities. This will also cover the fundamental basis for digital imaging, image enhancement and restoration, image analysis, image compression, image synthesis and image displacement.

DIAG 6035. Physical Evaluation 2. 1.5 Credit Hour.

The importance of an accurate diagnosis and patient evaluation upon which to base a rational treatment plan is the emphasis of this course. Lectures on types of clinical exams, chief complaint, and clinical and medical history are presented. Study of the normal appearance and presentation of abnormalities and disease as they relate to various areas of the oral cavity is also included, with special emphasis on the soft tissues. Methodology in diagnosis includes case history, general and oral clinical laboratory, and other supplementary examinations. The rationale of when to prescribe dental radiographs is presented. Factors affecting treatment plans, with emphasis on medical compromises, are also presented. Prerequisites: DIAG 5014.

DIAG 6041. Radiation Biology. 2 Credit Hours.

An introductory course in the basic concepts of radiation biology, this course is appropriate for dentists desiring an opportunity to gain additional knowledge of the biological effects of diagnostic and therapeutic levels of x-radiation. Concepts of designing an office for optimum radiation protection also are presented.

DIAG 6043. Advanced Radiation Biology. 1 Credit Hour.

An in-depth study of radiation biology is presented, emphasizing such topics as radiation risk, dosimetry, theories of radiation damage, radiation hygiene and protection, and the effects of therapeutic levels of radiation on the oral tissues.

DIAG 6045. American Board of OM Radiology Preparation. 2 Credit Hours.

The purpose of this course is to prepared 3rd year oral and maxillofacial radiology residents for taking the American Board of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology exam and gives an overview of exam expectations. The format of the course will reflect the same formatting and style of the National board examination: an oral and a written examination dealing with radiation physics, radiation biology and protection, and imaging techniques. The student will interpret various images and write radiographic reports for a number of cases.

DIAG 6049. Oral And Maxillofacial Radiology Interpretation 2. 1 Credit Hour.

The overall purpose of this course is to provide students with learning experiences that will give them the opportunity to develop proficiency in OMR image analysis and interpretation. This course meets in one-hour sessions with a seminar or grand rounds format. Each week, students receive cases and are requested to generate a written report and present the case to other students and faculty. Cases include a variety of diagnoses that comprise the field of oral and maxillofacial radiology including both typical and unusual examples. Additionally, high-quality, properly exposed images are supplied. Many examples include plain film, CT, and MR for the same case. Additional cases include other imaging modalities such as tomograms, contrast studies, and nuclear scans. In some instances, glass slides and a microscope are used to correlate histological features with MR images, an activity much requested by students. Imaging particular to salivary gland disease and TMJ disorders will also be emphasized. Students will record these cases in a special section of their logbook and may, circumstances permitting, copy the cases for future reference or teaching. The course director¿s collection of cases is one of the most extensive and is broadly representative and thus guarantees the student exposure to a variety of clinical cases which cannot be assured through the various clinical experiences during the time frame of the program.

DIAG 6051. Oral And Maxillofacial Radiology Interpretation 3. 1 Credit Hour.

The overall purpose of this course is to provide students with learning experiences that will give them the opportunity to develop proficiency in OMR image analysis and interpretation. Students receive cases and are requested to generate a written report and present the case to other students and faculty. Cases include a variety of diagnoses that comprise the field of oral and maxillofacial radiology including both typical and unusual examples. Additionally, high-quality, properly exposed images are supplied. Many examples include plain film, CT, and MR for the same case. Additional cases include other imaging modalities such as tomograms, contrast studies, and nuclear scans. In some instances, glass slides and a microscope are used to correlate histological features with MR images, an activity much requested by students. Imaging particular to salivary gland disease and TMJ disorders will also be emphasized. Students will record these cases in a special section of their logbook and may, circumstances permitting, copy the cases for future reference or teaching. The course director's collection of cases is one of the most extensive and is broadly representative and thus guarantees the student exposure to a variety of clinical cases which cannot be assured through the various clinical experiences during the time frame of the program.

DIAG 6052. Case Conference 3. 1 Credit Hour.

Oral and Maxillofacial radiology resident will plan and present an assigned case to other students and faculty and provide follow up information where feasible. It will enhance the residents ability to write and present accurate case reports; teaches the ability to plan a case, and interact with the referring practitioner, and enhance their ability to recognize imaging characteristics of a disease or condition.

DIAG 6068. Diagnostic Imaging Of The Head And Neck Pt. 2. 2 Credit Hours.

This course builds on DIAG 6025 Diagnostic Imaging of the Head and Neck Part 1. The goal of this course is to achieve competency regarding the interpretation of plain and advanced images of hard- and soft-tissue conditions affecting the teeth, jaws, and surrounding structures of the maxillofacial complex including, but not limited to, the paranasal sinuses, salivary glands, and trauma. The material is presented and repeated through three basic formats: by pattern recognition, by disease process, and as further analyzed using contrast studies, CT, MR, nuclear scans, and ultrasound images where applicable. This course forms the basis for more advanced seminar and clinical courses through which proficiency is required to be achieved.

DIAG 6071. Supervised Teaching. 1 Credit Hour.

Graduate students are assigned to the various clinics, laboratories, and classes for the opportunity to acquire experience in teaching undergraduate students in a variety of situations. Supervision and evaluation of teaching performance are provided by the graduate faculty.

DIAG 6077. Supervised Teaching 3. 1 Credit Hour.

Faculty will supervise Maxillofacial radiology residents as they are involved in the active supervision of freshman during pre-clinical instruction in dental radiography. After gaining mastery of pre-clinic instructional skills, residents will be supervised as they instruct and guide undergraduate students in accurately exposing, processing and evaluating patient complete mouth radiographis surveys and ultimately instruct and enhance the sophomore and junior student's discernment of radiographic anomalies appropriate to the patient's diagnosis and treatment planning process.

DIAG 6078. Literature Review 3. 1 Credit Hour.

During this course, oral and maxillofacial radiology residents will review the principles of evidence based medicine and learn how it applies to reviewing scientific articles. At each class session, a student will present articles from the current or classic radiology literature including radiation safety, periodontal disease, CT, systemic disease, digital imaging, endodontic disease, MRI, implants, bite-wings, tomography, developmental disorders, selection criteria, panoramic radiology, sectional criteria, trauma, forensics, inflammation, QARM, Caries, TMJ, tumors and biomedical modeling. Prerequisites: DIAG 6017.

DIAG 6079. Graduate OMR Clinic 3. 3 Credit Hours.

The Graduate Radiology Clinic operates 4.5 days per week and provides opportunities for oral and maxillofacial radiology residents to develop skills in intra- and extra oral radiography, panoramic, cephalometric, linear and multi-directional tomography, sialography, arthrography, and CT imaging processing and planned CT image acquisition. Prerequisites: DIAG 6007.

DIAG 6083. Forensic Odontology Lab. 1 Credit Hour.

Demonstration and application of information and principles are presented in this introductory course in laboratories of the Health Science Center and the Bexar County Medical Examiner's Office. Successful completion of DIAG 5181 Principles in Forensic Odontology and this course will fulfill requirements for membership in the American Academy of Forensic Sciences.

DIAG 6091. Diagnostic Science Seminar. 1 Credit Hour.

The format of this course includes presentations, reviews, and discussions of current cases from the Dental Diagnostic Science Clinic as well as cases of interest from the teaching file.

DIAG 6132. Dental Radiology 1. 1 Credit Hour.

This course offers didactic instruction in fundamental concepts of dental radiology and builds on information learned in DIAG 5009. Instructional content covers radiation physics, x-ray unit components and their function in creating a diagnostic image, radiation biology, radiation hygiene, film and image formation, digital imaging concepts, quality assurance, evaluation of panoramic radiographic errors, and recognition of conventional film processing errors.

DIAG 6135. Clinical Case Conference. 1 Credit Hour.

Each student will be assigned one or more cases to cover in a written report and to present in conference. Over two semesters, weekly conferences will allow for a large variety of representative pathoses to be reviewed and discussed. Students will have the opportunity to correlate the historical, clinical, and radiographic findings in the formation of a differential diagnosis or a diagnostic impression.

DIAG 7036. Radiographic Interpretation. 1 Credit Hour.

This is a comprehensive didactic course in dental radiologic interpretation of diseases of the jaws including differential radiological diagnosis of developmental abnormalities and pathological lesions of the teeth and jaws.

DIAG 7052. Geriatrics. 1.5 Credit Hour.

Lectures and seminars emphasizing dental management of the geriatric patient cover such topics as normal aging, treatment planning, pharmacologic considerations, management and communication techniques, dementias, dentistry for nursing home and homebound elderly, and clinical care.

DIAG 7055. Oral Medicine. 2 Credit Hours.

Lectures, demonstrations, and visual aids present the fundamentals of diagnosis and treatment in general medicine and surgery as they relate to dentistry. Students have the opportunity to demonstrate skill in physical diagnosis in laboratory sessions.

ENDO Courses

ENDO 5010. Clinical Endodontics 1. 2.5 Credit Hours.

An extensive clinical experience in the broad spectrum of endodontic practice is offered on the graduate level. Each student has the opportunity to maintain a comprehensive endodontic practice under the supervision of the director and staff of the postdoctoral program in endodontics.

ENDO 5011. Clinical Endodontics 1. 3 Credit Hours.

An extensive clinical experience in the broad spectrum of endodontic practice is offered on the graduate level. Each student has the opportunity to maintain a comprehensive endodontic practice under the supervision of the director and staff of the postdoctoral program in endodontics.

ENDO 5015. Dental Photography. 0.5 Credit Hours.

This course is designed to expose the student to the principles of effective dental photography. Students are given the opportunity to make clinical photographs that are critiqued in class.

ENDO 5017. Clinical Seminar 1. 2 Credit Hours.

These seminars provide the opportunity to discuss matters pertaining to clinical endodontics by exposing the student to a wide variety of clinical cases. The seminars provide information to give students the opportunity to become sophisticated diagnosticians and skillful clinicians. Students are provided the opportunity to achieve these goals through student case presentations, faculty case presentations, topical lectures by faculty, and consultant visits. Prerequisites: ENDO 5018.

ENDO 5018. Clinical Seminar 1. 2 Credit Hours.

These seminars provide the opportunity to discuss matters pertaining to clinical endodontics by exposing the student to a wide variety of clinical cases. The seminars provide information to give students the opportunity to become sophisticated diagnosticians and skillful clinicians. Students are provided the opportunity to achieve these goals through student case presentations, faculty case presentations, topical lectures by faculty, and consultant visits. Prerequisite: ENDO 5017.

ENDO 5020. Introduction to Advanced Endodontics. 2.5 Credit Hours.

This course is a laboratory and lecture review of endodontic concepts and techniques starting at the basic level and progressing to the advanced. Various techniques of access preparation, chemomechanical canal preparation, and obturation will be taught. Students will have an opportunity to prepare and obturate the root canal system using a variety of techniques and materials. Procedures are performed under simulated clinical conditions in a mannequin. Following completion of obturation, students dissect and photograph tooth roots under a dissecting microscope to evaluate the effectiveness of the various canal preparation and obturation techniques.

ENDO 5052. Endodontic Surgical Anatomy. 1.5 Credit Hour.

This course consists of a series of four four-hour seminar sessions devoted to an in-depth discussion of endodontic surgical anatomy, surgical indications and techniques, and wound healing. This is followed by twenty hours of laboratory during which human head and neck prosected specimens are covered to demonstrate pertinent anatomic structures and the students practice actual surgical procedures on anterior, premolar, and molar teeth in cadaver specimens.

ENDO 5060. Current Concepts In Endo. 1 Credit Hour.

Modern thoughts and concepts in endodontics will cover diagnosis, the dental pulp and periapex, pulpalgia, and referred pain; vital pulp therapy; treatment of the acute apical abscess, cellulitides, restorative considerations for the endodontically treated tooth, endodontic surgery, and the cracked tooth. Other topics include avulsions, endodontic-periodontic interrelationships, current concepts in endodontics and an overview of endodontic research.

ENDO 5071. Supervised Teaching. 1 Credit Hour.

The goal of this course is to teach the student how to be an effective teacher. This course involves the student in teaching a sophomore lecture and laboratory course where dental students receive their initial exposure to endodontics. The student is given the opportunity to be actively involved in laboratory supervision of a small group of sophomore students as they perform specific endodontic procedures on extracted teeth. The student functions as an instructor side by side with endodontic faculty members who observe and critique the student's performance.

ENDO 5073. Literature Review 1. 5 Credit Hours.

This course is designed to familiarize the student with pertinent articles, both topical and current, related to endodontics. The articles, selected from the dental, medical, and basic science literature, are assigned to the student to critically abstract and evaluate for research design, findings, and conclusions.

ENDO 5074. Literature Review 1. 4 Credit Hours.

This course is designed to familiarize the student with pertinent articles, both topical and current, related to endodontics. The articles, selected from the dental, medical, and basic science literature, are assigned to the student to critically abstract and evaluate for research design, findings, and conclusions.

ENDO 5075. Literature Review 1. 4 Credit Hours.

This course is designed to familiarize the student with pertinent articles, both topical and current, related to endodontics. The articles, selected from the dental, medical, and basic science literature, are assigned to the student to critically abstract and evaluate for research design, findings, and conclusions.

ENDO 5080. Case Presentations 1. 4.5 Credit Hours.

This course is designed to provide faculty evaluation of endodontic cases treated by students. Critical evaluation will be made of the diagnosis, treatment plan, and treatment methodology. Differential diagnosis will be considered along with alternate treatment plans, and treatment methods. Reasons for any complications will be determined, and methods for preventing them will be discussed. The need for post-treatment follow-up examinations will be determined. The positive feedback provided by these courses is intended to increase student confidence and competence.

ENDO 5081. Case Presentations 1. 4 Credit Hours.

This course is designed to provide faculty evaluation of endodontic cases treated by students. Critical evaluation will be made of the diagnosis, treatment plan, and treatment methodology. Differential diagnosis will be considered along with alternate treatment plans, and treatment methods. Reasons for any complications will be determined, and methods for preventing them will be discussed. The need for post-treatment follow-up examinations will be determined. The positive feedback provided by these courses is intended to increase student confidence and competence.

ENDO 5082. Case Presentations 1. 4 Credit Hours.

This course is designed to provide faculty evaluation of endodontic cases treated by students. Critical evaluation will be made of the diagnosis, treatment plan, and treatment methodology. Differential diagnosis will be considered along with alternate treatment plans, and treatment methods. Reasons for any complications will be determined, and methods for preventing them will be discussed. The need for post-treatment follow-up examinations will be determined. The positive feedback provided by these courses is intended to increase student confidence and competence.

ENDO 5095. Research. 6 Credit Hours.

The course requires the student to formulate a protocol for the purpose of conducting an original investigation. Following a critical evaluation and acceptance of the protocol, the student conducts a research project, suitable for publication, under the guidance of a mentor. The completed research paper is presented to the Endodontics Department research Committee, staff, and guests for evaluation and critique.

ENDO 5096. Research. 6 Credit Hours.

The course requires the student to formulate a protocol for the purpose of conducting an original investigation. Following a critical evaluation and acceptance of the protocol, the student conducts a research project, suitable for publication, under the guidance of a mentor. The completed research paper is presented to the Endodontics Department research Committee, staff, and guests for evaluation and critique.

ENDO 5097. Research. 2 Credit Hours.

The course requires the student to formulate a protocol for the purpose of conducting an original investigation. Following a critical evaluation and acceptance of the protocol, the student conducts a research project, suitable for publication, under the guidance of a mentor. The completed research paper is presented to the Endodontics Department research Committee, staff, and guests for evaluation and critique.

ENDO 5098. Research. 2 Credit Hours.

The course requires the student to formulate a protocol for the purpose of conducting an original investigation. Following a critical evaluation and acceptance of the protocol, the student conducts a research project, suitable for publication, under the guidance of a mentor. The completed research paper is presented to the Endodontics Department research Committee, staff, and guests for evaluation and critique.

ENDO 6000. Introduction to Advanced Endodontics for Interns. 1 Credit Hour.

ENDO 6010. Clinical Endodontics 2. 6 Credit Hours.

An extensive clinical experience in the broad spectrum of endodontic practice is offered on the graduate level. Each student has the opportunity to maintain a comprehensive endodontic practice under the supervision of the director and staff of the postdoctoral program in endodontics.

ENDO 6011. Clinical Endodontics 2. 3 Credit Hours.

An extensive clinical experience in the broad spectrum of endodontic practice is offered on the graduate level. Each student has the opportunity to maintain a comprehensive endodontic practice under the supervision of the director and staff of the postdoctoral program in endodontics.

ENDO 6012. Clinical Endodontics 2. 5 Credit Hours.

An extensive clinical experience in the broad spectrum of endodontic practice is offered on the graduate level. Each student has the opportunity to maintain a comprehensive endodontic practice under the supervision of the director and staff of the postdoctoral program in endodontics.

ENDO 6013. Clinical Endodontics 3. 0.5 Credit Hours.

An extensive clinical experience in the broad spectrum of endodontic practice is offered on the graduate level. Each student has the opportunity to maintain a comprehensive endodontic practice under the supervision of the director and staff of the postdoctoral program in endodontics.

ENDO 6014. Clinical Endodontics 3. 2 Credit Hours.

An extensive clinical experience in the broad spectrum of endodontic practice is offered on the graduate level. Each student has the opportunity to maintain a comprehensive endodontic practice under the supervision of the director and staff of the postdoctoral program in endodontics.

ENDO 6031. Hospital Endodontics Rotation. 1 Credit Hour.

Conducted at the Audie L. Murphy Memorial Veterans Affairs Hospital ("VA"), this rotation consists of the diagnosis, treatment planning, and clinical treatment of endodontically involved teeth and supporting structures. This rotation provides the second-year postdoctoral endodontics student the opportunity to diagnose and treat endodontic problems on all types of inpatients and outpatients in the hospital setting.

ENDO 6032. Hospital Endodontics Rotation. 1 Credit Hour.

Conducted at the Audie L. Murphy Memorial Veterans Affairs Hospital ("VA"), this rotation consists of the diagnosis, treatment planning, and clinical treatment of endodontically involved teeth and supporting structures. This rotation provides the second-year postdoctoral endodontics student the opportunity to diagnose and treat endodontic problems on all types of inpatients and outpatients in the hospital setting.

ENDO 6041. Endodontics Lecture. 1 Credit Hour.

A lecture course designed to introduce the student to the fundamentals of pulp biology and clinical endodontics. Foundational knowledge information is provided in basic and current concepts of diagnosis and management of pulpal disease and related diseases of the periradicular tissues.

ENDO 6060. Pulp Biology and Pain Pharmacology. 1.5 Credit Hour.

This purpose of this course is to provide the solid foundation knowledge in the biology of dental pulp and periradicular tissues necessary for appropriate clinical decision making in endodontic and restorative diagnosis and treatment, and to ensure that residents are prepared for future change in therapy or understanding new risk factors in disease.

ENDO 6071. Supervised Teaching. 1 Credit Hour.

The goal of this course is to teach the student how to be an effective teacher. This course involves the student in teaching a sophomore lecture and laboratory course where dental students receive their initial exposure to endodontics. The student is given the opportunity to be actively involved in laboratory supervision of a small group of sophomore students as they perform specific endodontic procedures on extracted teeth. The student functions as an instructor side by side with endodontic faculty members who observe and critique the student's performance.

ENDO 6073. Literature Review 2. 5 Credit Hours.

This course is designed to familiarize the student with pertinent articles, both topical and current, related to endodontics. The articles, selected from the dental, medical, and basic science literature, are assigned to the student to critically abstract and evaluate for research design, findings, and conclusions.

ENDO 6074. Literature Review 2. 4 Credit Hours.

The goal of this course is for the student to develop a biological understanding and scientific basis for the diagnosis and treatment of a diverse group of topics and treatment modalities that are specifically listed as content in this course. Each topic and session will have goals and objectives specific to that area so that the student will have the opportunity to be able to assimilate information. Each resident will be assigned specific articles for review. Residents will be required to prepare written abstracts of these articles and orally present them to the class.

ENDO 6075. Current Literature Review. 1.5 Credit Hour.

These courses are designed to familiarize the student with pertinent endodontic literature published during the academic year. Students will be assigned specific articles for review and literature will be critically evaluated in a seminar format.

ENDO 6076. Current Literature Review. 1 Credit Hour.

These courses are designed to familiarize the student with pertinent endodontic literature published during the academic year. Students will be assigned specific articles for review and literature will be critically evaluated in a seminar format.

ENDO 6077. Current Literature Review. 1 Credit Hour.

The goal of this course is for the student to develop a biological understanding and scientific basis for the diagnosis and treatment of various endodontic subjects by a review of current literature articles. Each resident will be assigned specific articles for review. Residents will be required to prepare written abstracts of these articles and orally present them to the class.

ENDO 6078. Literature Review. 4 Credit Hours.

This course is intended to introduce the endodontic resident application manuscripts related to our specialty. The articles are selected according to their impact on clinical and biological considerations pertinent to the understanding of the endodontic practice. Subjects will be broad in scope and will cover the majority of topics and treatment alternatives of classic, relevant and contemporary literature. These manuscripts will be discussed and evaluated, placing emphasis on their strength to already existing endodontic comprehension.

ENDO 6080. Focused Regendo Research. 4 Credit Hours.

This course is intended to provide a focused review on the most relevant scientific evidence on regenerative endodontics. Emphasis will be given on the critical appraisal of existing scientific evidence on stem cell biology and tissue engineering related to regenerative endodontics. The articles are selected according to their impact on clinical and biological considerations pertinent to the understanding of the endodontic practice.

ENDO 6083. Case Presentations 2. 1 Credit Hour.

This course is designed to provide faculty evaluation of endodontic cases treated by students. Critical evaluation will be made of the diagnosis, treatment plan, and treatment methodology. Differential diagnosis will be considered along with alternate treatment plans, and treatment methods. Reasons for any complications will be determined, and methods for preventing them will be discussed. The need for post-treatment follow-up examinations will be determined. The positive feedback provided by these courses is intended to increase student confidence and competence.

ENDO 6084. Case Presentations 2. 4 Credit Hours.

This course is designed to provide faculty evaluation of endodontic cases treated by students. Critical evaluation will be made of the diagnosis, treatment plan, and treatment methodology. Differential diagnosis will be considered along with alternate treatment plans, and treatment methods. Reasons for any complications will be determined, and methods for preventing them will be discussed. The need for post-treatment follow-up examinations will be determined. The positive feedback provided by these courses is intended to increase student confidence and competence.

ENDO 6085. Case Presentations 2. 4 Credit Hours.

This course is designed to provide faculty evaluation of endodontic cases treated by students. Critical evaluation will be made of the diagnosis, treatment plan, and treatment methodology. Differential diagnosis will be considered along with alternate treatment plans, and treatment methods. Reasons for any complications will be determined, and methods for preventing them will be discussed. The need for post-treatment follow-up examinations will be determined. The positive feedback provided by these courses is intended to increase student confidence and competence.

ENDO 6086. Case Presentations 3. 2 Credit Hours.

This course is designed to provide faculty evaluation of endodontic cases treated by students. Critical evaluation will be made of the diagnosis, treatment plan, and treatment methodology. Differential diagnosis will be considered along with alternate treatment plans, and treatment methods. Reasons for any complications will be determined, and methods for preventing them will be discussed. The need for post-treatment follow-up examinations will be determined. The positive feedback provided by these courses is intended to increase student confidence and competence.

ENDO 6087. Case Presentations 3. 1 Credit Hour.

This course is designed to provide faculty evaluation of endodontic cases treated by students. Critical evaluation will be made of the diagnosis, treatment plan, and treatment methodology. Differential diagnosis will be considered along with alternate treatment plans, and treatment methods. Reasons for any complications will be determined, and methods for preventing them will be discussed. The need for post-treatment follow-up examinations will be determined. The positive feedback provided by these courses is intended to increase student confidence and competence.

ENDO 6091. Research. 1 Credit Hour.

The course requires the student to formulate a protocol for the purpose of conducting an original investigation. Following a critical evaluation and acceptance of the protocol, the student conducts a research project, suitable for publication, under the guidance of a mentor. The completed research paper is presented to the Endodontics Department research Committee, staff, and guests for evaluation and critique.

ENDO 6092. Research. 2 Credit Hours.

This course is designed to familiarize the student with pertinent articles, both topical and current, related to endodontics. The articles, selected from the dental, medical, and basic science literature, are assigned to the student to critically abstract and evaluate for research design, findings, and conclusions.

ENDO 6093. Research. 2 Credit Hours.

This course is designed to familiarize the student with pertinent articles, both topical and current, related to endodontics. The articles, selected from the dental, medical, and basic science literature, are assigned to the student to critically abstract and evaluate for research design, findings, and conclusions.

ENDO 6094. Research. 4 Credit Hours.

The course requires the student to formulate a protocol for the purpose of conducting an original investigation. Following a critical evaluation and acceptance of the protocol, the student conducts a research project, suitable for publication, under the guidance of a mentor. The completed research paper is presented to the Endodontics Department research Committee, staff, and guests for evaluation and critique.

ENDO 6095. Research. 4 Credit Hours.

The course requires the student to formulate a protocol for the purpose of conducting an original investigation. Following a critical evaluation and acceptance of the protocol, the student conducts a research project, suitable for publication, under the guidance of a mentor. The completed research paper is presented to the Endodontics Department research Committee, staff, and guests for evaluation and critique.

ENDO 6098. Thesis. 4 Credit Hours.

Completion of an acceptable thesis is required for the Master of Science degree. Registration in this course for at least one semester is required of all degree candidates. Admission to candidacy for the Master of Science degree is required in order to enroll in this course.

ENDO 6142. Preclinical Endodontics. 1.5 Credit Hour.

A preclinical endodontics course that provides an introduction to the student, under simulated clinical conditions, to clinical skills needed to perform root canal treatment on single and uncomplicated multi-rooted teeth.

ENDO 7041. Junior Endodontics Lecture. 1 Credit Hour.

This course enhances the cognitive skills attained by the student that has successfully completed ENDO 6041 and ENDO 6142 in the Sophomore year. Topics covered include: endodontic radiography, endodontic diagnosis, endodontic irrigants and medicaments, evaluation of endodontic outcomes and retreatment, management of endodontic emergencies including pain control, diagnosis and management of tooth root resorption, endodontic treatment risk assessment, management of the immature root apex and management of traumatic tooth injuries including tooth fracture, luxation and avulsion. The importance of the inter-relationships with other dental disciplines such as periodontics and restorative dentistry are also emphasized.

ENDO 7043. Endodontics Clinic. 1 Credit Hour.

Students perform endodontic diagnosis and treatment procedures necessary to provide endodontic treatment as part of overall comprehensive clinical patient care.

ENDO 8043. Senior Endodontics Lecture. 1 Credit Hour.

This course will build on the cognitive skills attained by the dental student who has successfully completed ENDO 6041 and 6142 in their sophomore year, and ENDO 7041 in their junior year. Topics covered include: endodontic radiology, management of the open apex, diagnosis and management of procedural errors that occur during routine endodontic therapy, management of post-operative complications, management of luxation injuries and root resorption, bleaching of endodontically treated teeth, endodontic pharmacology, and principles of endodontic surgery. A review of endodontic information necessary to pass licensing examinations will also be provided.

INTD Courses

INTD 1091. Independent Study. 4 Credit Hours.

Students will work directly with a faculty advisor or assistant dean to develop an independent plan of study.

INTD 3001. International Elective. Credit Hours.

Students will work with the course director and Assistant Director of Global Health to identify an appropriate international elective site, using established sites/programs or one that the student discovers on their own. All rotations must be vetted and approved by the course director and will adhere to a community service-learning model that is a structured educational experience combining community service with preparation and reflection. Students are expected to help shape the learning experience around community-identified needs and advance insight related to the context in which service is provided, the connection between service and academic coursework, and students' roles as citizens and professionals. Students will spend 4 weeks living and working at an international service site. Sites may allow for a range of experiences, such as participating in patient care, conducting clinical or public health research, and/or participating in a language immersion program. There may also be opportunities for patient education and emphasis on efforts of local empowerment, aiming to build up the communities in a sustainable way. Regardless of the focus, all sites must be supervised by qualified health care providers. Students are encouraged to integrate themselves into the health care delivery system, to explore community needs that they could address, and when possible, to strive to make an impact through community education, home visits, and research. Reflection essays serve as a way to process experiences, including clinical cases, new perspectives gained, and analysis of health care disparities, and strategies for the overcoming poverty-related health problems. Students are encouraged to share their experiences upon return through a formal presentation.

INTD 3002. School of Medicine Research Elective. Credit Hours.

Students will participate in basic or clinical research projects under the supervision of university faculty. The goal of this elective is to immerse students in a rich research environment and provide an opportunity to work with research mentors to fully engage in the research process from writing the proposal to collecting the data to disseminating research results. This elective is open to students who already have an established working relationship with a faculty member and who wish time to continue their work, students who wish to establish a new project, and for students who are in the MD-MPH degree program and MD with Distinction in Research Program. Interested students must contact the course director prior to the enrollment date to express interest in the elective and receive further instructions on the application process for the research and identification/ confirmation of the faculty mentor.

INTD 3030. Clinical Foundations. 3 Credit Hours.

The purposes of this course are to 1) Prepare students to excel as learners in clinical settings by providing foundations for clinical skills including finding information, presenting cases, charting, writing orders, completing other paperwork, and clinical reasoning including basic EKG and radiograph interpretation; 2) Assist students in developing new skills expected of third-year clerks including lab skills (phlebotomy, ABG, blood cultures, hemoccult cards), IV insertion, PPD placement, sterile gowning/ gloving, basic suturing, nasogastric tube placement, O2 management, and Basic Cardiac Life Support; and 3) Prepare students for their new roles in clinical settings, where they encounter patient care responsibilities along with patient privacy and ethical issues. Successful completion of the first two years of Medical School and approval of the director of the MD/PhD program are required.

INTD 3058. Hospice and Palliative Medicine. Credit Hours.

This rotation offers clinical experience in Hospice and Palliative Medicine (HPM). Palliative care provides treatment for seriously ill hospitalized and ambulatory patients and focuses on symptom management, enhancement of function, physical comfort, quality of life, psychosocial support, and communication about the goals of medical care for the patients as well as their families.

INTD 3091. Independent Study. 9 Credit Hours.

Students will work directly with a faculty advisor or assistant dean to develop an independent plan of study.

INTD 4007. Interprofessional Community Service Learning. 2 Credit Hours.

This is an innovative interdisciplinary service learning (CSL) course offered in partnership with the UT School of Pharmacy, PHR 270S, to allow medical students to integrate meaningful community service with instruction, preparation, and reflection to enrich the learning experience, teach civic responsibility, and strengthen communities. This course will provide the opportunity for students to examine social justice and social determinant of health issues and apply these principles in a structured serviced learning practicum. The student-led service learning project will address the social and health needs of a community partner and will be conducted with the partner agency in a culturally competent manner. Through online learning modules, readings, and discussion; monthly class sessions; a group service learning project; and a structured service learning practicum, this course combines community service with preparation and reflection to foster civic responsibility in the health professions.

INTD 4008. Interprofessional Care in HIV. 0.5 Credit Hours.

Students will have the opportunity to learn how to function as a member of an interprofessional team in HIV case management. The objective is for students to become familiar with issues of patient safety, health literacy, medication reconciliation, and interprofessional teamwork in HIV care. This is an elective didactic course. This is an elective didactic course.

INTD 4009. Interprofessional Care in HIV. 2 Credit Hours.

Students will have the opportunity to learn how to function as a member of an interprofessional team in HIV case management, and become familiar with issues of: patient safety, health literacy, medication reconciliation, treatment guidelines, and interprofessional teamwork in HIV care.

INTD 4015. Humanism in Medicine Fellowship. 2 Credit Hours.

This is a longitudinal 4th-year elective to support and nourish the inherent altruism of our students. This elective will bring together like-minded students and faculty who have a passion for caring for the medically underserved in their communities. The students will take a leadership role in managing and directing the student-run clinics at the Alpha Home, SAMM Transitional Living and Learning Center, Haven for Hope, Travis Park Dermatology (under faculty supervision). Clinical experiences will be at these clinics. This elective will include a few evening seminars throughout the year in which students and faculty meet to discuss social justice, how to start a free clinic, homelessness and topics chosen by the students. Every student will complete a project of their choice over the year.

INTD 4018. Independent Elective in Ethics. 2 Credit Hours.

In this longitudinal course, students will be required to undertake an independent study into a specific issue in medical ethics or medical humanities. Students will be required to read on research methods in medical ethics as well as literature in their issue of interest, and then to propose and conduct an original study project, a literature review, a position paper, or an ethical analysis of a particular topic or case. Students will be expected to write an academically rigorous final research report of 10 to 15 pages. Students will be encouraged to produce a final paper that can be submitted for publication in a peer-reviewed bioethics or medical humanities journal. Students will be required to meet with the instructor and/or chosen faculty advisor over the course for assistance, guidance, and discussion. (Center for Medical Humanities and Ethics).

INTD 4019. Clinical Ethics. 2 Credit Hours.

Students in this two-week course will have the opportunity to focus on work in clinical ethics consultation. The student will be required to participate in rounds as an ethicist, do in-depth reading on clinical ethics consultation, observe clinical ethics consults, attend ethics committee meetings, and provide an educational seminar to hospital staff on an issue of ethical significance.

INTD 4025. Healthcare Practice and Policy Elective. 0.5 Credit Hours.

The Healthcare Practice Elective is an introductory-level, discussion-based, eight-hour course targeted to fourth-year medical students. The course focuses generally on practice and policy issues of payment methodologies, cost-effectiveness, and access to care.

INTD 4030. Preparing for Global Health Work. 2 Credit Hours.

This is a 2-week multidisciplinary course for 4th-year medical students who are planning future global health experiences, arising in response to enormous interest in international medicine, with increasing numbers of students choosing to spend time overseas during medical school. This preparatory course aims to provide a foundation of practical knowledge in global health to optimize the students' overseas experiences, facilitate their adaptation to working in different cultural settings, and maximize their impact in the communities where they serve. Topics include chronic and infectious disease, parasite infection, prioritizing community resources, health disparities, ethical dilemmas, cultural awareness, and professionalism. Course material is presented through a variety of approaches, including lectures, small-group case discussions, laboratory sessions, and online learning modules.

INTD 4045. Patient Notes- Enrichment Elective. Credit Hours.

It is an interactive, inter-professional course that engages students in music listening sessions to teach students active listening skills. Through various forms of music, students will learn how to actively listen for specific details to gain insight on meaning, become comfortable with ambiguity and interpretation, and develop pattern recognition skills to quickly recognize deviation. Students will also develop stronger methodology for writing patients notes through conceptual practice of SOAP format notes for music pieces. Taught jointly by UTHSCSA faculty and professional musicians, this strategy of applying practical skills to an abstract concept such as music will refine these skills for students in clinical settings. Specifically, this course aims to improve interpersonal communication skills, and organizational note writing. This is also an opportunity for students to practice problems solving with other healthcare professionals.

INTD 4048. Art Rounds. 2 Credit Hours.

This is an interactive, interprofessional course that takes students to the McNay Art Museum to learn physical observation skills. Studies demonstrate that increased observational skills translate to improved physical examination skills. Using artwork as patients, students will have the opportunity to learn how to observe details and how to interpret images based on available evidence. Taught jointly by Health Science Center faculty and McNay museum educators, students will have the opportunity to develop and hone their observation, problem solving, and assessment skills. They will also observe, interpret, and give case reports on the original works of art to teach them the skill of verbalizing descriptions of what is seen, and not to accept assumptions made with a first impression.

INTD 4058. Hospice and Palliative Medicine Elective. 4 Credit Hours.

This rotation offers clinical experience in Hospice and Palliative Medicine (HPM). Palliative care provides treatment for seriously ill hospitalized and ambulatory patients and focuses on symptom management, enhancement of function, physical comfort, quality of life, psychosocial support, and communication about the goals of medical care for the patients as well as their families.

INTD 4103. Communication Skills. 0.5 Credit Hours.

To introduce fourth year medical students to the principles of conducting public interviews, presentations and effectively disseminating information to the communities they will serve.

INTD 4104. Improving Patient Outcomes. 0.5 Credit Hours.

This course is designed to increase a student's knowledge of and skills in identifying systemic problems with health care delivery and patient safety, collecting and analyzing data, generating solutions, presenting results and evaluating peers. The course objectives include facilitating systems thinking, exposing students to the ACGME general competencies (with emphasis on practice-based learning and improvement and systems-based practice), increasing understanding of health care economics and working in teams.

INTD 4105. Medical Jurisprudence. 0.5 Credit Hours.

The course will center on the Texas Medical Practice Act and applicable federal laws.

INTD 4106. Practical Ethics For Healers. 0.5 Credit Hours.

The course is the capstone of the four-year longitudinal curriculum in humanities and ethics. The goals are to reflect upon 1) physician's values, attitudes, and their intersection with cultural values and attitudes; 2) the historical and moral traditions of medicine in the context of society, politics, spirituality, and the health care system; and 3) the personal identity of a doctor.

INTD 4107. The Skin Around Us: A View of Skin Disease from a Humanities Perspective. 4 Credit Hours.

This elective is for fourth year medical students with a special interest in learning about skin diseases through a humanities perspective. Throughout the four week course, students will attend daily clinics, create a project and write an essay on activities encountered during the elective. The students will also complete brief writing assignments each week after watching videos, movies, and/or reading books.

INTD 4110. Getting Ready to Teach During Your Residency Program. 0.5 Credit Hours.

The goal of this 8-hour course is to help senior medical students, who will be residents in a few months, develop teaching skills that will enhance the quality of their interactions with students. The course will be conducted in an interactive workshop format to allow participants to practice important teaching skills for residents. These include 1) orienting and priming students to their responsibilities and roles and accepting the personal role of teacher and role model, 2) giving feedback to improve student performance, 3) helping students to improve their patient presentations-the use of questioning, and 4) coaching procedural and technical skills. The participants will practice these skills and receive feedback from their course peers and instructors based on the guidelines for clinical teachers in action with students and provide critiques. Large and small group discussions and role plays will be used to reinforce teaching principles.

INTD 4201. Getting Ready To Teach During Your Residency-RAHC. 0.5 Credit Hours.

The goal of this course is to help senior medical students, who will be residents in a few months, develop teaching skills that will enhance the quality of their interactions with medical students. The course addresses four important residents¿ teaching skills: (1), teaching learners with different learning styles, (2) providing constructive feedback, (3), teaching at the bedside, and (4) teaching psychomotor procedures.

INTD 4205. Veritas Mentors in Medicine Longitudinal Elective. 2 Credit Hours.

This is longitudinal elective and the course work requirements will be for 2 week credit and must be complete by March 1st. Evaluation of MiM performance will include feedback from faculty mentors and students.

INTD 4210. School of Medicine Research Elective Level 1. 4 Credit Hours.

Medical research is multidisciplinary and broad in scope. Students will participate in basic, clinical research, quality improvement, or patient safety research projects under the supervision of faculty in the Health Science Center. The goal of this elective is to immerse students in a rich scholarly environment and provide an opportunity to work with research/faculty mentors to fully engage in a scholarly research process from writing the proposal to collecting the data to disseminating results. This elective is open to students who already have an established working relationship with a faculty member and who wish time to continue their work, students who wish to establish a new project, and for students who are in the MD-MPH degree program and MD with Distinction in Research Program. Interested students must submit a research elective application which includes the faculty mentor the student will work, to the office of UME, no later than 12 weeks before the research elective is to begin. Applications will be reviewed and confirmed or declined no later than 8 weeks prior to the proposed start date of the elective. Students will be able to 1) Formulate a research question and identify a research methodology to answer that question; 2) understand research ethics and apply an ethical approach to research design, implementation, and dissemination 3) design a research study and gather quality data; 4) apply and interpret basic biostatistics relevant to the individual research project; 5) write scientific reports. The supervising faculty member will evaluate the performance of the student using a standard, research specific, medical student evaluation form. Students will receive a Pass or Fail summative grade at the conclusion of the 4 week elective. Faculty will be expected to give the student formative feedback after two weeks to assist the student in meeting all expectations to pass the elective.

INTD 4211. School of Medicine Research Elective Level 2. 4 Credit Hours.

Medical research is multidisciplinary and broad in scope. Students will participate in basic, clinical research, quality improvement, or patient safety research projects under the supervision of faculty in the Health Science Center. The goal of this elective is to immerse students in a rich scholarly environment and provide an opportunity to work with research/faculty mentors to fully engage in a scholarly research process from writing the proposal to collecting the data to disseminating results. This elective is open to students who already have an established working relationship with a faculty member and reflects their increasing experience with the research process. INTD 4210 Level 1 elective or evidence of past experience knowledge and/or skills is a prerequisite. The expectation is that enrolled students will continue with research experiences begun in INTD 4210 Level 1 including students pursuing the MD-MPH degree and MD with Distinction in Research. Interested students must submit a research elective application which includes the faculty mentor the student will work, to the office of UME, no later than 12 weeks before the research elective is to begin. Applications will be reviewed and confirmed or declined no later than 8 weeks prior to the proposed start date of the elective.

INTD 4212. School of Medicine Research Elective Level 3. 4 Credit Hours.

Medical research is multidisciplinary and broad in scope. Students will participate in basic, clinical research, quality improvement, or patient safety research projects under the supervision of faculty in the Health Science Center. The goal of this elective is to immerse students in a rich scholarly environment and provide an opportunity to work with research/faculty mentors to fully engage in a scholarly research process from writing the proposal to collecting the data to disseminating results. Students enrolled in this course will have prior experience with research and ongoing research activities. As such, this elective is open to students who already have an established working relationship with a faculty member and reflects their increasing experience with the research process. INTD 4211 Level 2 electives is a prerequisite. As with INTD 4211 Level 2, the expectation is that enrolled students will continue with research experiences begun in INTD 4210 Level 1 and INTD 4211 Level 2 including students pursuing the MD-MPH degree and MD with Distinction in Research or produce evidence of past experience knowledge and/or skills which are deemed equivalent to these prerequisites. Interested students must submit a research elective application which includes the faculty mentor the student will work, to the office of UME, no later than 12 weeks before the research elective is to begin. Applications will be reviewed and confirmed or declined no later than 8 weeks prior to the proposed start date of the elective. Students will be able to formulate a research question and identify a research methodology to answer that question; understand research ethics and apply an ethical approach to research design, implementation, and dissemination; design a research study and gather quality data; apply and interpret basic biostatistics relevant to the individual research project; write scientific reports. The supervising faculty member will evaluate the performance of the student using a standard, research specific, medical student evaluation form. Students will receive a Pass or Fail summative grade at the conclusion of the 4 week elective. Faculty will be expected to give the student formative feedback after two weeks to assist the student in meeting all expectations to pass the elective.

INTD 5005. Core Course 1: Biochemistry. 2 Credit Hours.

Topics to be covered include: protein structure; properties of enzymes; structure, biosynthesis, and function of lipids; pathways and regulation of carbohydrate metabolism and biosynthesis and regulation of amino acids, nucleotides, and related compounds. Prerequisites: consent of instructor.

INTD 5007. Advanced Cellular And Molecular Biology. 4 Credit Hours.

This course provides an in-depth learning experience that instructs students on the fundamentals of molecular biology and cell biology as well as prepares the student to evaluate and design new research in the cutting-edge areas of modern molecular biology and cell biology. The course combines a didactic program of lectures along with a small group discussion format in which students interact closely with a group of faculty who have active research programs. The course focuses on active areas of research in molecular biology: Chromatin structure, DNA Transcription, DNA Replication and Repair, Recombination, RNA processing and regulation, Protein processing, targeting and degradation and in cell biology: Cell Signaling and Communication, Cell Growth, and Cell Death. Each week, the faculty provide students with didactic lectures on a current research area. Students and faculty will then jointly discuss key publications that serve to bridge the gap between the fundamental underpinnings of the field and the state of the art in that area.

INTD 5013. Perio/Pros/Endo/Orth Interdisciplinary Course 1. 1 Credit Hour.

A seminar that brings together the residents and graduate staff from the periodontic, prosthodontic,endodontic and orthodontic postdoctoral programs to share clinically relevant multidisciplinary information. Patient diagnostic evaluations and treatment plans are evaluated in an interactive environment. Selected topics involving new advancements are presented and discussed.

INTD 5020. Dental Biomed Core 1. 4 Credit Hours.

The Biomedical Core Course will provide a multidisciplinary approach to basic science instruction as it relates to the clinical practice of dentistry. Both basic science and clinical science faculty will participate to provide a sound base of material required by each program. Individual programs will supplement the Biomedical Core Course in the basic science areas particular to that discipline. This combination of core instruction with individual supplementation should provide the advanced education student the appropriate background in biomedical science.

INTD 5021. Dental Biomed Core 2. 1 Credit Hour.

This course is a continuation of MSDS 5020 Dental Biomedical Core Course 1.

INTD 5023. Research Ethics. 1 Credit Hour.

The goal of this course is to provide the Master's student an opportunity to gain the essential standards necessary for training and education approved by the National Institute of Health. This course links to the web-based NIH Clinical Research Training On-Line Course http://www.cc.nih.gov/training/training/crt/infor.html for Principal Investigators that is required for all individuals conducting research.

INTD 5030. Introduction To Patient Care. 5 Credit Hours.

The first component of this course is an informatics module so that students become familiar with their new computers and are trained on specific software. In the second and overlapping component, students are assigned to a variety of small-group rotations in a clinical setting to prepare them for patient-care activities. In the first semester, the students are required to become certified in basic life support. They also are required to rotate through a clinic orientation that is followed by a rotation as an assistant in the General Practice Groups. They are expected to follow proper infection control protocol and utilize some basic assisting skills. They also are required to rotate through a head and neck exam activity, followed with a patient activity in the second semester. Second semester activities also include intraoral radiography technique, a clinic component of their periodontics, and school-based prevention courses, a sealant lab and clinic, and radiographic interpretation. Students are evaluated primarily on professional development expectations.

INTD 5040. Fundamentals Of Neuroscience1: Molecular, Cellular, & Developmental Neuroscience. 2 Credit Hours.

This course is intended to introduce students to a broad survey of the basics of molecular, cellular and developmental neuroscience. The course is organized into a series of three modules: biochemical and cellular properties of nervous system cells, development of neuronal systems, and neutrotransmission and neuromodulation, which covers the fundamentals of these three areas. Current topics and concepts are discussed in discussion sessions that include student participation. Two components; Neuroscience students register for both PHYL 5041 and INTD 5040.

INTD 5043. Fundamentals Of Neuroscience 2: Systems Neuroscience. 3 Credit Hours.

This course, the second component of our broad survey of the basics of neuroscience, begins at the level of the neural circuit, and guides the students through an understanding of increasingly complex levels of organization and function in the brain. Topics include neurotransmitter systems, sensory and motor function, motivated behavior, regulation and integration of autonomic, behavioral, and emotional responses in the limbic system, higher order cognitive processes, and the neurobiological basis underlying some important psychiatric disorders and their treatment.

INTD 5046. Metanalysis In Cognitive Neuroimaging. 2.5 Credit Hours.

The objective of this course is to familiarize students with human functional brain imaging methods, experimental designs, statistical analyses, inferential strategies, and content. Students are guided through a literature-based research project that culminates in a quantitative metanalysis of a set of studies using similar tasks.

INTD 5047. Neuroanatomy. 2 Credit Hours.

The purpose of this course is to provide students with a practical working knowledge of the structure of both the peripheral and central nervous system. The emphasis will be on the organization of the human brain, although the brains of other species may also be included if appropriate for a specific brain region. The course will look at each of the individual components of the central nervous system in some depth but will also emphasize the complex integration of these various components into a functional brain. The topics covered in the course are specifically designed to mesh in time with those covered in Fundamentals of Neuroscience 2 describing the function of these areas. For this reason, it would be best if these two courses were taken concomitantly. The course will be didactic with digital images, models, and wet specimens included in the course.

INTD 5051. Research Methodology and Evidence-Based Practice. 2 Credit Hours.

This course is designed to introduce dental residents and faculty to critical thinking, research methodology, and evidence-based practice skills.

INTD 5064. Applied Statistics for Health Care Practitioners. 3 Credit Hours.

This online course focuses on the application of descriptive and inferential statistics in research studies. Students are expected to gain knowledge and skills that will enable them to understand, interpret, and evaluate statistical results; work with a consultant statistician; and use software to enter, analyze, and summarize data. Course requirements include homework assignments, online discussions and/or chats, and periodic projects.

INTD 5066. Laughter is the Best Medicine: An Interdisciplinary Elective about Humor, Healing, and Healthcare. 1 Credit Hour.

This class is a serious look at humor! The physiological and psychological benefits of humor, as well as its therapeutic use with patient interactions, will be explored. Students will learn how to develop and improve their personal use of humor to combat burn out, through techniques to enhance coping skills and stress reduction. Student participation and interaction is integral to the content delivery.

INTD 5067. Introduction To Bioinformatics And Computational Biology. 2 Credit Hours.

The course will be taught by faculty from Biochemistry, Cellular & Structural Biology, CCRI, Periodontics, and faculty from UTSA. The course will be an introduction to methods and tools for working with DNA sequences and protein families, learning basic Unix networking, overview of numerical modeling, systems biology approaches to complex diseases, gene expression analysis, bioinformatics in clinical research, statistical tools for complex datasets, proteomics, structural methods for protein biology, chemoinformatics, molecular modeling, and mathematical model building.

INTD 5074. Topics In Translational Medical Product Development. 1 Credit Hour.

It is crucial to understand the intricate process of translating basic research into market driven products, navigate the complex pathways of intellectual property management and the regulatory affairs of agencies such as the FDA. This course will offer students in biomedical sciences the opportunity to integrate industry-relevant training and experience with their basic science education. The course will explore the marketing and regulatory process by which a biomedical product is developed and brought to commercialization.

INTD 5075. Complementary Healthcare for the Clinician. Credit Hours.

The goal of this elective is to introduce future doctors to practices outside of the classical medical school curriculum that promote an evidence-based approach to wellness. This is so that the medical students of the UTHSC School of Medicine are informed about the reality, evidence and rumor surrounding a variety of commonly used alternative and supplementary healthcare practices. The of this class is not to make the student an expert in areas such as acupuncture or yoga, but to be well informed of the role of such practices as it relates to patient treatment and wellness. To this end, all the classes will have a practical component which will allow the students to experience the alternative modalities in a structured setting.

INTD 5081. Topics In Cardiovascular Research. 1 Credit Hour.

This course is designed to familiarize students with the current literature related to cardiovascular disease. Each week a different research topic selected from the recent literature is presented and discussed. Students are expected to attend and participate in the discussions. In addition, students are required to prepare and present once during the semester. A list of previous and current course presentations will be available online.

INTD 5082. Responsible Conduct of Research. 1.5 Credit Hour.

This foundational course introduces students to core ethical content necessary for responsible research conduct. Through interactive seminars, students will learn about (1) scientists as responsible members of society (contemporary ethical issues in biomedical research and environmental/social impacts of research), (2) policies for research with human subjects and vertebrate animals, (3) collaborative research, (4) conflicts of interest (personal, professional, financial), (5) data acquisition and laboratory tools (management, sharing, ownership), (6) responsible authorship and publication, (7) mentor/trainee responsibilities and relationships, (8) peer review, and (9) research misconduct (forms of misconduct and management policies).

INTD 5091. Special Topics. 1-4 Credit Hours.

This is a placeholder course, for which graduate students may register, if they are unable to select a specific track core course at the time of registration. Tracks are: Biology of Aging, Cancer Biology; Cell and Molecular Biology; Genetics, Genomics, & Development; Membrane Biology & Cell Signaling; Metabolism & Metabolic Disorders; Microbiology & Immunology; Molecular Biophysics & Biochemistry; Molecular, Cellular, & Integrative Physiology; Neuroscience; and Pharmacology. The course may be repeated for credit.

INTD 5094. Independent Study. 1-4 Credit Hours.

This elective allows for detailed in-depth study in a specific area of study. The area and mode of study are to be agreed upon by the student and instructor. The course may be repeated for credit when the area of study varies. Clock hours are to be arranged. Prerequisites: Graduate standing and consent of instructor.

INTD 6002. Ethics In Research. 0.5 Credit Hours.

This course covers topics relevant to ethics in scientific research. The course is taught on a case-study basis, dealing with real and hypothetical situations relevant to the conduct of scientific research. Topics discussed will include, but will not be limited to: data management, peer review, recognizing scientific misconduct, authorship, and The University of Texas regulations relevant to human and animal research. This course is required of all doctoral graduate students.

INTD 6007. Advanced Cell Biology. 2 Credit Hours.

This course provides an in-depth learning experience that instructs students on the fundamentals of cell biology as well as prepares the student to evaluate and design new research in the cutting-edge areas of modern cell biology. The course combines a didactic program of lectures along with a small-group discussion format in which students interact closely with a group of faculty who have active research programs. The course focuses on active areas of research in cell biology: Cell Signaling and Communication, Cell Growth, and Cell Death. Each week, the faculty the jointly discuss key publications that serve the bridge the gap between the fundamental underpinnings of the field and the state of the art in that area. Students and faculty will then jointly discuss key publications that serve to bridge the gap between the fundamental underpinnnings of the field and the state of the art in that area.

INTD 6008. Mitochondria & Apoptosis. 1 Credit Hour.

This course will focus in depth on Mitochondria and Apoptosis. Topics will include: Mitochondria and Respiration; Mitochondria and Reactive Oxygen Species; Mitochondria and Apoptosis. It will provide an opportunity for a unique learning experience where the student can prepare to evaluate and design new research in the cutting-edge areas of modern cell biology and molecular biology. Instead of a didactic program of lectures, the entire course comprises a small-group format in which students interact closely with a group of faculty who have active research programs. Each week, faculty will provide students with a brief overview of the research area. Students and faculty will then jointly discuss key publications that serve to bridge the gap between the student's prior understanding of the field and the state of the art in that area.

INTD 6009. Advanced Molecular Biology. 2 Credit Hours.

This course will provide an in-depth learning experience on the fundamentals of molecular biology as well as prepare the student to evaluate and design new research in the cutting-edge areas of modern molecular biology. The course combines a didactic program of lectures along with a small- group discussion format in which students interact closely with a group of faculty who have active research programs. The course focuses on active areas of research in molecular biology: Chromatin structure, Transcription, DNA Replication and Repair, Recombination, RNA processing and regulation, Protein processing, targeting and degradation. Each week, the faculty provide students with didactic lectures on a current research area. Students and faculty then jointly discuss Key publications that serve to bridge the gap between the fundamental underpinnings of the field and the state of the art in that area.

INTD 6010. Evidence Based Dentistry. 1 Credit Hour.

Designed to help students establish an "evidence-based practice" the course will provide students the opportunity to learn the skills necessary to evaluate and select new dental products and clinical procedures. This requires an ability to read and evaluate various sources of knowledge, including articles published in the dental and medical literature, advertisements, Internet sources, and continuing education programs. Lectures and readings are designed to provide a basic understanding of clinical research, epidemiology, and statistical procedures such that dental journal articles and other sources of knowledge can be critically evaluated. The long-range goal is to prepare the student to think critically and to make sound judgments regarding the acceptance of new knowledge, products, and procedures in private practice.

INTD 6011. Introduction To Science Of Teaching. 1 Credit Hour.

This course will provide insight into the basic skills of learning and teaching. Faculty from the Academic Center for Excellence in Teaching and the Graduate School will provide the opportunity to learn the skills, strategies, and experiences for a future in academia and teaching. Topics include lecture presentations on why scientists choose to teach, planning a student learning experience in addition to developing a lecture syllabus, curriculum and teaching portfolio and philosophy. The course is recommended for Supervised Teaching Course INTD 6071.

INTD 6014. Perio/Pros/Endo/Orth Interdisciplinary Course 2. 1 Credit Hour.

This seminar brings together the residents and graduate staff from the periodontic, prosthodontic, endodontic and orthodontic postdoctoral programs to share clinically relevant multidisciplinary information. Patient diagnostic evaluations and treatment plans are evaluated in an interactive environment. Selected topics involving new advancements are presented and discussed.

INTD 6019. Pharmacotherapeutics. 1 Credit Hour.

This course is designed to review general principles of pharmacology; current and accepted pharmacotherapy for the medical management of pain, infection, and selected systemic diseases; and associated adverse drug events. It is based on the top 200 drugs dispensed by U.S. community pharmacies for the prevention, diagnosis, and/or treatment of disease with special reference to dentistry.

INTD 6033. Cell Signaling Mechanisms. 2 Credit Hours.

This course covers the molecular mechanisms of action of various extracellular mediators including hormones, neurotransmitters, growth factors, cytokines, etc., and cell signaling events. Several areas will be discussed including: (1) mechanisms of mediator synthesis; (2) interaction of mediators with specific receptors; (3) modulation by mediators of various second messenger systems including cyclic nucleotides, inositol phospholipids, calcium, protein phosphorylation, ion flux, etc.; and (4) intra- and intercellular mechanism for regulating mediator action.

INTD 6041. Basic Science Resident Lecture Series In Neurology. 1.5 Credit Hour.

This is an interdisciplinary advanced elective in which students attend 20 lectures, selected from the full offering of daily one-hour lectures comprising the Neurology Residents' Basic Sciences lecture series. These lectures cover a range of topics, such as Epilepsy, Movement Disorders, the Thalamus, Parkinson's Disease, Alzheimer's Disease, Stroke, Sleep, etc., all given from a clinical perspective. In addition, graduate students will have the opportunity to observe or participate in at least two enrichment activities related topically to the lectures they attend, which may include such settings as case presentations, diagnostic training sessions, or clinical observations, again selected from the list of offerings included in the "Neurology Residents" series.

INTD 6043. Structure & Function Of Membrane Proteins. 2 Credit Hours.

This is a course targeted at students within any of the Graduate Tracks. The objective is to provide a broad view, allowing for in depth consideration in selected areas, of the structure and diverse functions of proteins within a membrane environment. Specific topics covered will include: ion selective channels, large membrane pores, membrane transporters, membrane pumps, and membrane receptors. The format of the course will be didactic lecture followed by student presentations of relevant topics.

INTD 6045. Clinical Practicum In Neuroscience. 1 Credit Hour.

This course will provide students with a brief, but intense and very focused exposure to clinical practice in a relevant area of their choosing, designed and coordinated to best match their interests in close individual collaboration with a clinical mentor in one of the participating components: Neurosurgery, Neurology, Psychiatry, or Endodontics. Representative activities could include participation in case presentation and treatment planning, attending rounds with physicians and residents, direct observation of clinical procedures, patient interviews, follow-up care and outcome review. Potential venues may include inpatient psychiatric ward, sleep clinic, epilepsy clinic, stroke clinic, neurosurgical theater and surgical ICU. In consultation with the course director, students will first select one of the following sub-sections, then design their individually tailored clinical practicum experience with the coordinator for that section.

INTD 6070. Teaching Excellence And Academic Skills (Texas). 1 Credit Hour.

This course, designed to assist graduate students and faculty in acquiring teaching skills, is composed of four modules, each covering a range of topics from lecture and clinical teaching to instructional development to assessing student achievement.

INTD 6088. Clinic Introduction. 4.5 Credit Hours.

The informatics module, one component of this course, is a continuation from the first-year module. Students continue training on a higher level of computer use. The clinic component of the course is a series of small-group rotations for distinct clinic modules including patient assessment, periodontics, caries detection, preventive methods, sealants, pulp testing, local anesthesia, oral surgery, radiographic technique recertification, radiographic interpretation, digital photography, constructing a stabilizing appliance, patient education, infant exam, and opportunities for assisting in various clinics with the Dental School at external sites. At the end of the sophomore year, students will have had the opportunity to become well acquainted with the clinic environment and techniques for initial patient visits scheduled for the summer clinic. Professional development expectations are emphasized in the overall evaluation.

INTD 6097. Research. 0.5-12 Credit Hours.

This course is intended for first-year IMGP students only. Students will be required to attend a minimum of 10 departmental (any) seminars during the semester and submit a 100-150 word synopsis of each seminar within two weeks of the seminar.

INTD 6115. Perio/Pros/Endo/Ortho Interdisciplinary Course 3. 1 Credit Hour.

This is a seminar that brings together the residents and graduate staff from the periodontic, prosthodontic, endodontic and orthodontics postdoctoral programs to share clinically relevant multidisciplinary information. Patient diagnostic evaluations and treatment plans are evaluated in an interactive environment. Selected topics involving new advancements are presented and discussed.

INTD 7002. Neurobiology Of Learning And Memory. 1 Credit Hour.

This course will focus on recent findings and topics related to the underlying aspects of the neural basis of learning and memory. Students will have the opportunity to learn about: molecular basis of memory formation, consolidation and retrieval, memory and emotion, associative learning, memory and amnesia, and recognition memory and the medial temporal lobe. The lectures will be interactive and driven by discussions of key journal articles. Each week the first hour will be reserved for lecturing and the second hour will be reserved for a discussion of a journal article.

INTD 7003. Elective in International Medicine. 4 Credit Hours.

This elective serves as a vehicle for students to participate in international medicine rotations. Students will work with a faculty sponsor to identify a program, either a pre-established site or a site discovered by the student which requires faculty approval. This elective includes: 1) The Center for Medical Humanities and Ethics International Scholars Program in India, a competitive program requiring a separate application through the department of Medicine, 2) Shoulder to Shoulder program in Latin America, which requires a separate application process and some cost (airfare and small project fee), and is available October, January, and April, 3) Programs in Nicaragua, Mexico, Panama, and Guatemala, and 4) Other sites available through online directory: http://www.globalhealth-cc.org/GHEC/Resources/GHonline.htm. All rotations share a commitment to service learning - medical education and self-reflection that arises out of service to needy populations. Students spend up to 4 weeks (or possibly longer) living in an international site and participating in the care of patients, under the supervision of local and visiting health care providers. The clinical settings and caseload will vary based on the location. There may be opportunities for patient education and emphasis on efforts of local empowerment, aiming to build up the communities in a sustainable way. Students will be expected to integrate themselves into the health care delivery system, and when possible, to strive to make an impact through community education and home visits. For certain Latin American sites, fluency in Spanish is a prerequisite. Students are encouraged to seek similar service learning experiences with underprivileged populations in San Antonio and Border communities prior to or after the rotation. End of rotation "reflection essays" are required and will serve to process student experiences.

INTD 7005. Indian Health Care Preceptorship. 4 Credit Hours.

This elective offers the opportunity for an experience in the health care of Native Americans, coordinated through the Indian Health Service. Most experiences involve both inpatient and outpatient care under direct supervision of board certified family physicians or internists. Educational activities such as conferences, teaching rounds, etc., may vary from site to site. All clinical sites are located outside the state of Texas, including sites in New Mexico, Arizona and Alaska. Early application is recommended. Students completing appropriate application forms may be reimbursed for transportation costs and provided room and board by the Indian Health Service.

INTD 7007. Literature and Medicine. 2 Credit Hours.

In this course you are required to read short stories, poems, and a book of nonfiction. While many of the stories or poems directly address medical or ethical issues, the primary purpose is not to enhance your store of knowledge in these areas, but to promote your appreciation of these works through discussions with other students (online via Blackboard and in class) and with authors and lecturers. Your own contributions to the course - not just the insights you've gained as medical students but the wisdom you bring to the class as human beings - will be critical to its success. We hope that the readings will help you prepare for and process your clinical experiences, furthering your development as a person as well as physician. There will be no "right" or "wrong" answers in this course; rather, our goal is to encourage thoughtful and serious responses to the readings and a lively and fulfilling conversation about them and the issues they raise. Students from Christian Medical College in Vellore, India, will join in our discussion online. MSIV students will receive two credits for completion of this longitudinal elective. All students are expected to participate in class discussions. Grades are earned by reading assignments, attendance at class meetings, and posting primary and secondary responses to posted discussion questions.

INTD 7020. Clinical Patient Management. 5 Credit Hours.

This course is designed to help students develop skills in clinical behavioral dentistry through small group discussions, lectures, and routine patient treatment by application of the principles of coordinating patient care; communicating effectively with colleagues, staff, and faculty; and managing time, records, and environment. The students are required to manage their comprehensive care patients in the Junior Clinic following the principles presented in this course.

INTD 7074. Topics In Translational Medical Product Development. 1 Credit Hour.

It is crucial to understand the intricate process of translating basic research into market driven products, navigate the complex pathways of intellectual property management and the regulatory affairs of agencies such as the FDA. This course will offer students in biomedical sciences the opportunity to integrate industry-relevant training and experience with their basic science education. The course will explore the marketing and regulatory process by which a biomedical product is developed and brought to commercialization.

INTD 7091. Independent Studies. 1-9 Credit Hours.

Students will have the opportunity to use this course to study for the National Board, Part II examination, according to their own need. This course also will serve as a framework for a student returning from a leave of absence or from other protracted time away from classes or clinic. At the conclusion of the course, the enrolled student must demonstrate knowledge and/or skills and/or values consistent with the expectations for entering the level of course study from which the student left. An individualized course of study will be developed once the student is enrolled.

PATH Courses

PATH 4001. Hematology - University Hospital. 4 Credit Hours.

During this selective, through daily experience, consultations, and conferences, students will have the opportunity to learn to use CBCs, blood films, bone marrow studies, and other hematologic laboratory data in the diagnosis of basic hematologic, lymphoid, and coagulation disorders. This selective can be tailored according to the needs of individual students. The student interested in primary care can become involved in the performance of common laboratory tests done in the office. Daily contact with the pathologist will provide guidance in selection and proper utilization of laboratory testing for a specific patient's problem. For the student interested in pathology and laboratory medicine, the organization, management, maintenance of quality control, and consultative role of the Hematology Laboratory will be emphasized. During the selective period, a student may be assigned to spend one week in flow cytometry, molecular genetics, or cytogenetics.

PATH 4002. Blood Banking. 4 Credit Hours.

This selective is to acquaint the student with transfusion practices including the indications, dosage, expected benefits and risks of the different blood components, and the performance of therapeutic apheresis. The student will also be exposed to basic immuno-hematology and blood-banking techniques of acquiring, processing, testing, and transfusing blood components. Under the direction of the pathologist, a transfusion medicine fellow, a pathology resident, and a technical specialist in blood banking, the student will be required to perform basic techniques, participate in resolving the problems of patients having difficulties in transfusion, and evaluate the appropriateness of transfusion episodes. The selective can be tailored to offer more experience in transfusion practices for patient care or in organization, management, quality control, and other factors important to the student who may consider laboratory medicine as a chosen field. Students are required to participate in consultations and education programs offered by the blood bank.

PATH 4003. Hematology/Blood Banking. 4 Credit Hours.

This combination selective between the Hematology Laboratory and the Blood Bank may be arranged if student so desires.

PATH 4007. Pathology Research. 4 Credit Hours.

The course involves participation in a selected facet of ongoing research projects being conducted by a faculty member with assigned responsibilities for technical performance, reading, and interpretation of results.

PATH 4012. Anatomic Pathology: Fine Needle Aspiration. 4 Credit Hours.

Students will be given the opportunity to learn the technique of fine needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy. Direct supervision by faculty, cytology fellow and/or pathology resident in the method of specimen procurement and preparation of the FNA specimen occurs after initial instruction by the course director or their designee for palpable lesions. Participation at radiologically guided or endoscopically guided FNAs is also observed. Students are required to learn basic Modified-Giemsa staining with preliminary evaluation for adequacy of aspirate. There will be exposure to basic interpretation of FNA material from smears and cell blocks with emphasis on selection of ancillary testing along with clinical correlation. A separate clinic time is NO longer available and FNAs are done on an "on-call" basis from UHS cytopathology. Exposure to other areas of anatomic pathology that pertain to quality improvement of clinical medicine skills will also be made available. The experience may be customized depending on the student's future interests (pathology as a future vocation versus students planning on other fields of medicine).

PATH 4015. Forensic Pathology. 2 Credit Hours.

Daily responsibilities include the observation of forensic autopsies. Other responsibilities will include crime scene investigation, courtroom, and/or deposition exposure. During the rotation period, the student is expected to spend some time within the toxicology laboratory and must arrange this with the chief toxicologist. Near the end of the rotation, the student is expected to present a talk on a topic of current forensic interest to the staff during weekly case review. The student will be assessed by attendance, type and frequency of activities performed, and subjective evaluations by the medical examiner staff. This forensic pathology rotation must be pre-approved by the course director for both time period and length of rotation; recommended during the fourth year of medical school following core rotation in general autopsy and surgical pathology, though those rotations are not required.

PATH 4104. Naturopathic Medicine: Evidence-Based Critique. 0.5 Credit Hours.

This course strives to overcome the animosity between conventional and unconventional medicine by openly discussing and evaluating some of the naturopathic methods using the tools of evidence-based medicine. The objective of this course is to build basic knowledge about the mainstreams of naturopathic medicine such as fito-therapy, acupuncture and other reflexologies, Asian and European dietary systems, as well as stimulatory methods such as fasting and homeopathy. For each of these systems, diagnosis and treatment will be discussed from the evidence-based perspective.

PATH 4105. Evidence Based Medicine In Everyday Practice. 0.5 Credit Hours.

This course includes theory and methodological foundation, definitions and overview of evidence-based medicine, practical considerations, and reporting in evidence-based medicine.

PATH 4290. Clinically Applied Laboratory Medicine (CALM). 0.5 Credit Hours.

This course is an eleven-contact-hour mandatory course in laboratory medicine for MSIV students. Offered during the spring semester, the course is taught by members of the Pathology Department using patient case scenarios to illustrate laboratory medicine aspects of patient care management. An introductory one-hour lecture is presented to the entire class as a whole to provide course format information and small-group assignments. Groups of twenty-five to thirty students are formed based upon medical/surgical specialties; a student is assigned to a group according to chosen specialty. Patient cases are selected to emphasize important laboratory medicine points pertinent to a particular specialty.

PATH 5021. Biostatistics. 3 Credit Hours.

An introduction to Biostatistics, emphasis is upon application of statistical methods to biological problems. Topics include descriptive statistics, probability, hypothesis testing, and estimation.

PATH 5025. Individual Study In Biometry. 1-9 Credit Hours.

This course is for students who wish to study special problems in biometry or application of biometric methods to problems in the life sciences. A plan of study is determined by the student and the biometry faculty with topics varying according to the interests and requirements of the student.

PATH 5030. Oral Histopathology. 1 Credit Hour.

The course will review the histopathologic features of oral diseases. Cases signed-out on the Oral & Maxillofacial Pathology Biopsy Service will be discussed in a conference format utilizing a multiheaded microscope. Correlation of the histologic findings with the clinical and radiographic presentation of oral disease processes will be emphasized. Students will have the opportunity to learn the basis of surgical pathologic diagnosis and related ancillary special studies.

PATH 5035. Oral Pathology. 2 Credit Hours.

Clinicopathologic correlations, differential diagnosis, and therapeutic rationale are emphasized. The integration of history, physical findings, and clinical laboratory data with pertinent radiographic findings, clinical presentations, and anatomic pathology will be emphasized.

PATH 6019. General Pathology. 5 Credit Hours.

The fundamentals of human pathology, with emphasis on practical clinical applications, are presented. Lectures, independent study, and laboratory experiences are used in a review of the principal diseases of major organ systems. Course fees: Lab fee Microscope fee: $48.

PATH 6021. Oral Pathology 1. 4 Credit Hours.

This didactic course introduces the basic pathological changes that occur in oral tissue. Lectures are supplemented by Kodachrome® illustrations with emphasis placed upon histoclinical correlation.

PATH 6026. Surgical Oral Pathology 1. 1 Credit Hour.

This course is presented in the first semester and consists of 16 one-hour sessions of instruction conducted as case conferences utilizing radiographic, histopathologic, and clinical projected glass slides and Kodachromes. Students present assigned literature reviews and cases emphasizing radiographic and histopathologic changes; discussions follow. Students include those from Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Periodontics, Endodontics, and Dental Diagnostic Sciences.

PATH 6027. Surgical Oral Pathology 2. 1 Credit Hour.

This course is a continuation of PATH 6026 Surgical Oral Pathology 1. It is presented in the second semester and consists of 17 one-hour sessions of instruction conducted as case conferences utilizing radiographic, histopathologic, and clinical projected glass slides and Kodachromes. Students present assigned literature reviews and cases emphasizing radiographic and histopathologic changes; discussions follow. Students include those from Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Periodontics, Endodontics, and Dental Diagnostic Sciences.

PATH 7000. Off Campus. 4 Credit Hours.

All off campus rotations must be approved by the designated faculty member prior to the beginning of the rotation (at least one week before the course begins). Credit will not be given for any rotation that has not been approved in advance. Required paperwork includes: "Course Approval" form, a written letter or email for acceptance form the physician preceptor with the start and end dates of the course/rotation, and a course description of your learning objectives and responsibilities during the rotation. Forms must include a complete address and telephone number for the off campus location or residence address for the student while at the off campus site. Forms will not be approved after the rotation has already begun. Contact the department for assistance with enrolling in this course.

PATH 7023. Oral & Maxillofacial Pathology: Clinicopathologic Conference. 1 Credit Hour.

This course is a series of 14 clinicopathologic conferences presented in an interactive case-based/clinical problem-solving format. Students will be expected to apply their fund of basic science knowledge learned in the prerequisite didactic pathology courses to simulated dental practice situations. Cases will be discussed systematically utilizing the S.O.A.P. format (Subjective, Objective, Assessment, Plan). Students are required to complete and turn in a worksheet and self assessment for each case. Students are expected to read articles from current scientific literature posted on the course Blackboard Web site and take the online challenge examinations. Lectures on the critical topics of head and neck cancer and skin cancer will be given by the course director.

PERI Courses

PERI 5010. Clinical Periodontics 1. 1-10 Credit Hours.

Students have the opportunity to gain clinical experience as they treat patients in the postdoctoral clinic. Cases gradually increase in complexity and severity and include treatment of the medically compromised patient, implant cases, and interdisciplinary cases.

PERI 5011. Clinical Periodontics 1. 1 Credit Hour.

Students have the opportunity to gain clinical experience as they treat patients in the postdoctoral clinic. Cases gradually increase in complexity and severity and include treatment of the medically compromised patient, implant cases, and interdisciplinary cases.

PERI 5012. Clinical Periodontics 1. 1 Credit Hour.

Students have the opportunity to gain clinical experience as they treat patients in the postdoctoral clinic. Cases gradually increase in complexity and severity and include treatment of the medically compromised patient, implant cases, and interdisciplinary cases.

PERI 5025. Case Presentation Seminar. 0.5 Credit Hours.

The course consists of presentation of clinical cases. Students have the opportunity to prepare to defend their approaches to therapy and gain experience in oral presentation of cases.

PERI 5031. Periodontics Lecture Series. 2 Credit Hours.

This course is designed to instruct the student in all aspects of periodontology. It is meant to be an adjunct to the PERI 6073 Literature Seminar. Topics dealing with basic science, pathobiology, and clinical and surgical aspects of periodontal disease will be discussed.

PERI 5035. Peri Lecture Series. 1 Credit Hour.

This course is designed to instruct the student in all aspects of periodontology. It is meant to be an adjunct to the PERI 6073 Literature Seminar. Topics dealing with basic science, pathobiology, and clinical and surgical aspects of periodontal disease will be discussed.

PERI 5037. Bone & Connective Tissue Biology. 0.5 Credit Hours.

This course seeks to apply current principles of bone and periodontal ligament cell biology to our understanding of the development, maintenance, and repair of periodontal tissues and to the clinical management of pathology at the tooth supporting structures. Emphasis is placed on the basic cell and structural biology which provides the underlying rationale for current and experimental approaches to periodontal disease and therapies.

PERI 5052. Surgical Anatomy. 1 Credit Hour.

This course emphasizes the learning of the head and neck anatomy that is related directly to surgical procedures performed by periodontists and endodontists and the practice of prosthodontic dentistry. Anatomic structures related to implant placement receive special emphasis. Surgical complications related to anatomy are described. A prosection on human cadavers is presented with a strong emphasis on surgical anatomy.

PERI 5073. Literature Seminars. 1 Credit Hour.

This course is designed to familiarize the student with the historical and contemporary literature related to periodontics. The first-year course is concerned mainly with basic science literature while second- and third-year courses concentrate on the clinical literature. Students have the opportunity to evaluate the data in the literature, critique experimental design, abstract articles, critically evaluate research findings, and learn to use library resources.

PERI 5074. Current Lit Seminar. 1-5 Credit Hours.

Current periodontal literature published during the academic year is discussed in a seminar format.

PERI 5075. Mock Boards. 0.5 Credit Hours.

This course is a simulation of the exams given by the American Board of Periodontology. Students present their cases orally, with slides, to faculty examiners and take an oral examination.

PERI 5081. Periodontics 1. 1.5 Credit Hour.

Freshman Periodontics is the first in a series of required courses designed to provide the opportunity for the student to learn the knowledge, skills, and values to manage patients with periodontal diseases. Students will have the opportunity to learn foundation information related to periodontal diseases and acquire fundamental periodontal clinical skills used in evaluating the periodontal status of patients and for performing some types of periodontal therapy. This course includes classroom discussion as well as preclinical exercises. Topics covered include features of the healthy and the diseased periodontium, the diagnosis of all periodontal diseases, the etiology of periodontal diseases, and clinical decision making.

PERI 5097. Research. 1-9 Credit Hours.

This course consists of independent, original research under the direction of a faculty member.

PERI 6000. Introduction to Advanced Periodontics for Interns. 1 Credit Hour.

PERI 6001. Periodontic Practice Management. 0.5 Credit Hours.

The objective of this course is to prepare the student for the business aspects of clinical practice. The student will be exposed to the banking finances, practical aspects of office management, matters relating to dental insurance, and the different types of practice.

PERI 6009. Clinical Periodontics 2. 2 Credit Hours.

Students have the opportunity to gain clinical experience as they treat patients in the postdoctoral clinic. Cases gradually increase in complexity and severity and include treatment of the medically compromised patient, implant cases and interdisciplinary cases.

PERI 6011. Clinical Periodontics 2. 3 Credit Hours.

Students have the opportunity to gain clinical experience as they treat patients in the postdoctoral clinic. Cases gradually increase in complexity and severity and include treatment of the medically compromised patient, implant cases, and interdisciplinary cases.

PERI 6012. Clinical Periodontics 3. 4.5 Credit Hours.

Students have the opportunity to gain clinical experience as they treat patients in the postdoctoral clinic. Cases gradually increase in complexity and severity and include treatment of the medically compromised patient, implant cases, and interdisciplinary cases.

PERI 6016. Clinical Periodontics 3. 2 Credit Hours.

Students have the opportunity to gain clinical experience as they treat patients in the postdoctoral clinic. Cases gradually increase in complexity and severity and include treatment of the medically compromised patient, implant cases, and interdisciplinary cases.

PERI 6020. Emergency Care Seminar. 0.5 Credit Hours.

This is a pragmatic course to familiarize the student with the medical emergencies that the clinician may incur while practicing dentistry. Major texts on the medically compromised patient are used as a guideline. The course is given in seminar format.

PERI 6025. Case Presentation Seminar. 0.5 Credit Hours.

The course consists of presentation of clinical cases. Students have the opportunity to prepare to defend their approaches to therapy and gain experience in oral presentation of cases.

PERI 6030. Periodontic Lecture Series. 2 Credit Hours.

This course is designed to instruct the student in all aspects of periodontology. It is meant to be an adjunct to the PERI 6073 Literature Seminar. Topics dealing with basic science, pathobiology, and clinical and surgical aspects of periodontal disease will be discussed.

PERI 6031. Periodontic Lecture Series. 2 Credit Hours.

This course is designed to instruct the student in all aspects of periodontology. It is meant to be an adjunct to the PERI 6073 Literature Seminar. Topics dealing with basic science, pathobiology, and clinical and surgical aspects of periodontal disease will be discussed.

PERI 6033. Peri Lecture Series. 1 Credit Hour.

This course is designed to instruct the student in all aspects of periodontology. It is meant to be an adjunct to the PERI 6073 Literature Seminar. Topics dealing with basic science, pathobiology, and clinical and surgical aspects of periodontal disease will be discussed. Concurrent: PERI 5031 and PERI 6031.

PERI 6036. Peri Lecture Series. 1 Credit Hour.

This course is designed to instruct the student in all aspects of periodontology. It is meant to be an adjunct to the PERI 6073 Literature Seminar. Topics dealing with basic science, pathobiology, and clinical and surgical aspects of periodontal disease will be discussed. Concurrent: PERI 5031 and PERI 6031.

PERI 6050. Periodontal Medicine. 0.5 Credit Hours.

This course is designed to establish the principles essential for problem-oriented evaluation of the dental patient. The intent is to discuss the diagnosis of selected common orally related primary and secondary mucocutaneous conditions and oral cancer and their management.

PERI 6070. Supervised Teaching. 0.5 Credit Hours.

Graduate students are assigned to the various clinics and classes for the opportunity to acquire experience in teaching pre-doctoral students and faculty members in a variety of situations. Supervision and evaluation of teaching performance are provided by the graduate faculty.

PERI 6071. Supervised Teaching. 0.5 Credit Hours.

Graduate students are assigned to the various clinics and classes for the opportunity to acquire experience in teaching pre-doctoral students and faculty members in a variety of situations. Supervision and evaluation of teaching performance are provided by the graduate faculty.

PERI 6072. Supervised Teaching. 0.5 Credit Hours.

Graduate students are assigned to the various clinics, laboratories, and classes for the opportunity to acquire experience in teaching undergraduate students in a variety of situations. Supervision and evaluation of teaching performance are provided by the graduate faculty.

PERI 6073. Literature Seminars. 1 Credit Hour.

This course is designed to familiarize the student with the historical and contemporary literature related to periodontics. The first-year course is concerned mainly with basic science literature while second- and third-year courses concentrate on the clinical literature. Students have the opportunity to evaluate the data in the literature, critique experimental design, abstract articles, critically evaluate research findings, and learn to use library resources.

PERI 6074. Current Lit Seminar. 0.5-5 Credit Hours.

Current periodontal literature published during the academic year is discussed in a seminar format.

PERI 6075. Mock Boards. 0.5 Credit Hours.

This course is a simulation of the exams given by the American Board of Periodontology. Students present their cases orally, with slides, to faculty examiners and take an oral examination.

PERI 6082. Periodontics. 2.5 Credit Hours.

Sophomore Periodontics is the second in a series of required courses designed to provide the opportunity for the student to learn the knowledge, skills, and values to manage patients with periodontal diseases. Students will have the opportunity to learn how to plan and to perform nonsurgical or initial periodontal therapy. This course includes classroom discussion as well as preclinical exercises. Topics covered include mechanical and pharmacotherapeutic therapies for patients with periodontal diseases, decision making in planning periodontal therapy, and how to manage periodontal patients in a general practice setting. Course Fees: Microscope $48.

PERI 6097. Research. 1-9 Credit Hours.

This course consists of independent, original research under the direction of a faculty advisor.

PERI 6098. Thesis. 1-9 Credit Hours.

Completion of an acceptable thesis is required for the Master of Science degree. Registration in this course for at least one semester is required of all degree candidates. Prerequisites: admission to candidacy for the Master of Science degree.

PERI 7059. Implantology. 1 Credit Hour.

Through lecture sessions, this introductory course offers students an opportunity to obtain both background and knowledge regarding accepted dental implant systems.

PERI 7081. Periodontics. 1.5 Credit Hour.

This course is an expansion of the foundation presented in the sophomore year. Surgical treatment planning, rationale, techniques, and wound healing are emphasized. A three-hour surgical laboratory exercise is included. Periodontal interrelationships with prosthodontics, endodontics, and orthodontics are examined in case presentation formats with student participation.

PERI 8015. Periodontics. 0.5 Credit Hours.

This lecture course is a comprehensive review of current periodontal topics. Topics include those that should be employed in the diagnosis, treatment planning, and management of periodontal diseases in a general dentistry practice setting. Both non-surgical and surgical treatment approaches will be discussed.

PERI 9014. Clinical Periodontics 4. 1-5 Credit Hours.

Students have the opportunity to gain clinical experience as they treat patients in the postdoctoral clinic. Cases gradually increase in complexity and severity and include treatment of the medically compromised patient, implant cases, and interdisciplinary cases.

PERI 9015. Clinical Periodontics 5. 5 Credit Hours.

Students have the opportunity to gain clinical experience as they treat patients in the postdoctoral clinic. Cases gradually increase in complexity and severity and include treatment of the medically compromised patient, implant cases, and interdisciplinary cases.

PERI 9036. Advanced Clinical Path Conference. 1 Credit Hour.

This course will emphasize clinicopathologic correlations and rationale of differential diagnosis of pathosis directly and/or indirectly affecting contiguous structures. A variety of cases are presented for group discussion of radiographic, clinical and histopathologic findings.

PERI 9069. Supervised Teaching. 1 Credit Hour.

Residents teach Air Force general dentists the didactic and clinical aspects of periodontology through the Periodontics Postgraduate Courses. Lectures are reinforced by clinical demonstrations of diagnostic and treatment procedures.

PERI 9075. Literature Seminar 3. 3 Credit Hours.

This course is designed to familiarize the student with the historical and contemporary literature related to periodontics. The first-year course is concerned mainly with basic science literature while second- and third-year courses concentrate on the clinical literature. Students have the opportunity to evaluate the data in the literature, critique experimental design, abstract articles, critically evaluate research findings, and learn to use library resources.

PERI 9076. Mock Board Exam. 0.5 Credit Hours.

This course is a simulation of the exams given by the American Board of Periodontology. Students present their cases orally, with slides, to faculty examiners and take an oral examination.

PERI 9078. Case Presentation. 1.5 Credit Hour.

The course consists of presentation of clinical cases. Students have the opportunity to prepare to defend their approaches to therapy and gain experience in oral presentation of cases.

PERI 9086. Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction. 2.5 Credit Hours.

This course provides a comprehensive review of the TMJ, methods of evaluating orofacial pain, knowledge of the common disorders affecting the joint, and accepted means of treatment. Students learn anatomy of the temporomandibular region, physical and psychological assessment of patients with temporomandibular disorders or orofacial pain, and management of these disorders. This course is supplemented by a clinical rotation in Orofacial Pain Clinic during the fall semester.

PERI 9097. Research. 4 Credit Hours.

The student develops a research protocol and background literature search for a clinical, laboratory, or animal model research project.

PROS Courses

PROS 5015. Concepts Of Occlusion. 1 Credit Hour.

Various concepts of occlusion with special emphasis on the clinical application of gnathology are the focus of this course. The laboratory phase includes the development of a functional occlusion through the cusp-fosa additive wax method and an occlusal equilibration technique.

PROS 5021. Advanced Prosthodontics 1. 1 Credit Hour.

This fall course for first-year advanced prosthodontics students is designed to provide the postdoctoral student with the didactic basis for advanced clinical prosthodontics care.

PROS 5022. Advanced Prosthodontics 1. 1 Credit Hour.

This spring course for first-year advanced prosthodontics students is designed to provide the postdoctoral student with the didactic basis for advanced clinical prosthodontics care.

PROS 5031. Clinical Prosthodontics 1. 2.5 Credit Hours.

This course for first-year advanced prosthodontic students is designed to provide extensive clinical experience in the broad spectrum of prosthodontics as a first course in a progressively complex clinical prosthodontic curriculum. Each student will have the opportunity to maintain a comprehensive prosthodontic practice involving fixed, removable, and implant treatment procedures.

PROS 5032. Clinical Prosthodontics 1. 4 Credit Hours.

This fall course for first-year advanced prosthodontics students is designed to provide extensive clinical experience in the broad spectrum of prosthodontics as a first course in a progressively more complex clinical prosthodontics curriculum. Each student will have the opportunity to maintain a comprehensive prosthodontics practice involving fixed, removable, and implant treatment procedures.

PROS 5033. Clinical Prosthodontics I. 3 Credit Hours.

This spring course for first-year advanced prosthodontics students is designed to provide extensive clinical experience in the broad spectrum of prosthodontics as a second course in a progressively complex clinical prosthodontics curriculum. Each student will have the opportunity to maintain a comprehensive prosthodontics practice involving fixed, removable, and implant treatment procedures.

PROS 5044. OMS/Prosthodontics Seminar 1. 0.5 Credit Hours.

This fall course for first-year prosthodontics students is a seminar devoted to the discussion and coordination of treatment of patients under joint management by Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery and Graduate Prosthodontics.

PROS 5045. OMS/Prosthodontics Seminar 1. 0.5 Credit Hours.

The spring course for first-year prosthodontics students is a seminar devoted to the discussion and coordination of treatment of patients under joint management by Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery and Graduate Prosthodontics.

PROS 5049. Overview of Maxillofacial Pros. 0.5 Credit Hours.

This course introduces the graduate student to the discipline of maxillofacial prosthetics. Emphasis is placed on treating patients requiring prosthetic devices for the head and neck area due to surgery or trauma.

PROS 5050. Dental Implantology. 1 Credit Hour.

This course offers graduate level students an introduction to the basics of the osseointegrated implant surgical and prosthetic technique. Lectures on advanced concepts of osseointegration therapy related to several implant systems are included.

PROS 5053. Advanced Implant Prosthodontics. 1.5 Credit Hour.

The objective of this course is to offer each student an opportunity to obtain background information, knowledge, and skills associated with dental implant treatment modalities.

PROS 5067. Supervised Teaching 1. 1.5 Credit Hour.

This course provides first-year prosthodontic residents the opportunity to teach complete denture laboratory skills to predoctoral students under the supervision of experienced prosthodontic educators.

PROS 5068. Supervised Teaching 1. 2 Credit Hours.

This spring course provides first-year prosthodontic residents the opportunity to teach complete denture laboratory skills to predoctoral students under the supervision of experienced prosthodontic educators.

PROS 5072. Literature Review Seminar 1. 1 Credit Hour.

This fall course for first-year prosthodontics students is the first of six courses given in a three-year continuum of classical literature review seminars. The broad field of prosthodontics literature is systematically reviewed with the objective of providing the postdoctoral student with a background of prosthodontic knowledge and history.

PROS 5073. Literature Review Seminar 1. 1 Credit Hour.

This spring course for first-year prosthodontic students is the second of six courses given in a three-year continuum of classical literature review seminars. The broad field of prosthodontics literature is systematically reviewed with the objective of providing the postdoctoral student with a background of prosthodontic knowledge and history.

PROS 5095. Research. 1 Credit Hour.

This summer course for advanced prosthodontics students is the first of three in the first year designed to offer opportunity to review the literature and to design and complete a laboratory or clinical research project under the direction of a faculty advisor. Research should result in a paper by certificate students suitable for publication in a peer-rated journal. Students in the masters programs will be expected to collect and analyze data for a thesis that must be defended as the culmination of research efforts.

PROS 5096. Research. 1 Credit Hour.

This summer course for advanced prosthodontics students is the second of three in the first year designed to offer an opportunity to review the literature and to design and complete a laboratory or clinical research project under the direction of a faculty advisor. Research should result in a paper by certificate students suitable for publication in a peer-rated journal. Students in the master's degree programs will be expected to collect and analyze data for a thesis that must be defended as the culmination of research efforts.

PROS 5097. Research 1. 1-9 Credit Hours.

This course offers the student an opportunity to review the literature and to design and complete a laboratory or clinical research project under the direction of a faculty advisor. Research should result in a paper by certificate students suitable for publication in a peer-rated journal. Students in the master's programs will be expected to collect and analyze data for a thesis which must be defended as the culmination of research efforts.

PROS 6000. Introduction to Advanced Prosthodontics for Interns. 1 Credit Hour.

PROS 6011. Prosthodontic Treatment For The Dentate/Partially Dentate Patient. 2.5 Credit Hours.

This is a lecture series designed to provide the basic concepts and principles of fixed prosthodontics, involving single and multiple restorations; the rationale and methodology for full and partial veneer preparations; and the fabrication of restorations and the restoration of endodontically treated teeth.

PROS 6012. Preclinical Prosthodontics Treatment for the Dentate/Partially Dentate Patient. 4 Credit Hours.

A laboratory course with exercises that include steps involved in the fabrication of crowns and short span, fixed partial dentures. Major emphasis is placed on restoration design and clinically related phases of restoration planning and construction. Projects include coverage of the metal ceramic technique, use of conventional Type III dental gold alloy, and development of natural-appearing tooth contours with restorative material systems. Principles of tooth preparation and restoration design are applied to the fabrication of single crown and multiple abutment restorations. The lab fee is included in the general laboratory fee.

PROS 6018. Prosthodontic Treatment for the Edentulous Patient. 1 Credit Hour.

An introduction to the diagnostic, treatment, and maintenance phases in the rehabilitation of an endentulous patient is presented. Lecture topics include biomechanics of the endentulous state, clinical examinations and diagnosis, endentulous impressions, maxillomandibular relations, denture esthetics, denture occlusion, initial placement of complete dentures, and post-placement care and maintenance of an endentulous patient.

PROS 6019. Preclinical Prosthodontics Treatment for the Edentulous Patient. 2 Credit Hours.

A preclinical laboratory course introducing, demonstrating, and exercises in the laboratory phases of the fabrication and repair of complete dentures is presented. Students will be expected to reach the proficiency level required to satisfactorily perform the laboratory and clinical tasks assigned in subsequent courses and to assess those procedures generally performed by dental laboratory technicians. The lab fee is included in the general laboratory fee.

PROS 6022. Advanced Prosthodontics 2. 1 Credit Hour.

This fall continuation course for second-year advanced prosthodontic students is designed to provide the postdoctoral student with the didactic basis for advanced clinical prosthodontic care.

PROS 6023. Advanced Prosthodontics 2. 1 Credit Hour.

This spring continuation course for second-year advanced prosthodontics students is designed to provide the postdoctoral student with the didactic basis for advanced clinical prosthodontic care.

PROS 6030. Clinical Prosthodontics 2. 4 Credit Hours.

This summer course for second-year advanced prosthodontics students is designed to provide extensive clinical experience in the broad spectrum of prosthodontics as a fourth clinical course in a progressively complex clinical prosthodontic curriculum. Each student will have the opportunity to maintain a comprehensive prosthodontic practice involving fixed, removable, and implant treatment procedures.

PROS 6031. Clinical Prosthodontics 2. 4.5 Credit Hours.

This fall course for second-year advanced prosthodontic students is designed to provide extensive clinical experience in the broad spectrum of prosthodontics as a fifth clinical course in a progressively complex clinical prosthodontic curriculum. Each student will have opportunity to maintain a comprehensive prosthodontic practice involving fixed, removable, and implant treatment procedures.

PROS 6032. Clinical Prosthodontics 2. 4.5 Credit Hours.

This spring course for advanced prosthodontic students is designed to provide extensive clinical experience in the broad spectrum of prosthodontics as a course in a progressively more complex clinical prosthodontic curriculum. Each student will have the opportunity to maintain a comprehensive prosthodontic practice involving fixed, removable, and implant treatment procedures.

PROS 6033. Clinical Prosthodontics 3. 8 Credit Hours.

This fall course for advanced prosthodontic students is designed to provide extensive clinical experience in the broad spectrum of prosthodontics in a progressively more complex clinical prosthodontics curriculum. Each student will have the opportunity to maintain a comprehensive prostho­dontic practice involving fixed, removable, implant and maxillofacial prosthodontic patients.

PROS 6034. Clinical Prosthodontics 3. 6.5 Credit Hours.

This spring course for advanced prosthodontics students is designed to provide extensive clinical experience in the broad spectrum of prosthodontics in a progressively more complex clinical prosthodontics curriculum. Each student will have the opportunity to maintain a comprehensive prosthodontics practice of fixed, removable, implant, and maxillofacial prosthodontics patients.

PROS 6035. Clinical Prosthodontics 3. 4.5 Credit Hours.

This spring course for advanced prosthodontics students is designed to provide extensive clinical experience in the broad spectrum of prosthodontics in a progressively more complex clinical prosthodontic curriculum. Each student will have the opportunity to maintain a comprehensive prosthodontic practice of fixed, removable, implant, and maxillofacial prosthodontic patients.

PROS 6036. Maxillofacial Prosthodontics. 1 Credit Hour.

This clinical course provides the opportunity to experience treating patients on the Maxillofacial Prosthetics Service. Patients with congenital and acquired defects are treated under the supervision of the maxillofacial prosthodontics faculty.

PROS 6037. Clinical Prosthodontics. 2 Credit Hours.

This clinical course for Perio-Pros residents in their 3rd and 5th years is designed to provide complex clinical treatment experiences that integrate skills from both specialties. Each student will have the opportunity to maintain a comprehensive integrated Perio-Pros practice.

PROS 6043. Geriatric Dentistry. 0.5 Credit Hours.

This objective of this course is to provide the clinical and didactic background necessary to address the limitations geriatric patients pose for prosthodontic specialty level diagnosis, planning and treatment.

PROS 6046. OMS/Prosthodontics Seminar 2. 0.5 Credit Hours.

This fall semester course for second-year advanced prosthodontic students is the third in a continuum of seminar courses devoted to the discussion and coordination of treatments of patients under joint management of the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Prosthodontics programs.

PROS 6047. OMS/Prosthodontics Seminar 2. 0.5 Credit Hours.

This spring semester course for second-year advanced prosthodontics students is the fourth in a continuum of seminar courses devoted to the discussion and coordination of treatments of patients under joint management of the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Prosthodontics programs.

PROS 6048. Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery and Prosthodontics Seminar 3. 0.5 Credit Hours.

This fall semester course for third and subsequent year advanced prosthodontics students is a continuation of seminar courses devoted to the discussion and coordination of treatments of patients under joint management of the Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery and Prosthodontics programs.

PROS 6049. Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery and Prosthodontics Seminar 3. 0.5 Credit Hours.

This spring semester course for third and subsequent year advanced prosthodontics students is a continuation of seminar courses devoted to the discussion and coordination of treatments of patients under joint management of the Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery and Prosthodontics programs.

PROS 6058. Implant Prosthodontic Treatment Preclinic. 1 Credit Hour.

This is a preclinical participation course providing instruction and exercises in many phases relating to implant dentistry. Participation in this preclinical laboratory will provide the student with experience in planning implant therapy, placing implants, making implant impressions, fabricating provisional restorations, and performing other implant-related procedures. Course Fees: Implantology $500.

PROS 6059. Implant Pros Treatment Lecture. 0.5 Credit Hours.

A lecture series designed to orient sophomore dental students to the overall clinical issues inherent to implant dentistry. Lecture topics include the biology and biomaterials of dental implants, patient selection and treatment planning, restorative potential of dental implants, nomenclature and components of implant systems, prosthetic and surgical considerations for implant placement, and implant maintenance.

PROS 6069. Supervised Teaching 2. 2 Credit Hours.

This fall course is the first of two second-year advanced prosthodontics courses that provide students with the opportunity to teach fixed prosthodontic laboratory skills to predoctoral students under the supervision of experienced prosthodontic educators.

PROS 6070. Supervised Teaching 2. 2 Credit Hours.

This spring course is the second of two second-year advanced prosthodontics courses that provide students with the opportunity to teach fixed prosthodontic laboratory skills to predoctoral students under the supervision of experienced prosthodontic educators.

PROS 6071. Supervised Teaching 3. 2 Credit Hours.

This course is the first of two third-year advanced prosthodontics courses that provide students with the opportunity to teach prosthodontic clinical skills to predoctoral students under the supervision of experienced prosthodontic educators.

PROS 6072. Supervised Teaching 3. 2 Credit Hours.

This course is the second of two third-year advanced prosthodontics courses that provide students with the opportunity to teach prosthodontic skills to predoctoral students under the supervision of experienced prosthodontic educators.

PROS 6073. Literature Review Seminar 2. 1 Credit Hour.

This fall course for second-year advanced prosthodontics students is the third of six courses given in a three-year continuum of classical literature review seminars.

PROS 6074. Literature Review Seminar 2. 1 Credit Hour.

This spring course for second-year advanced prosthodontics students is the fourth of six courses given in a three-year continuum of classical literature review seminars.

PROS 6075. Literature Review Seminar 3. 1 Credit Hour.

This fall course for third year advanced prosthodontics students is the fifth of six courses given in a three-year continuum of classical literature review seminars.

PROS 6076. Literature Review Seminar 3. 1 Credit Hour.

This fall course for third year advanced prosthodontics students is the sixth of six courses given in a three-year continuum of classical literature review seminars.

PROS 6092. Research 2. 2 Credit Hours.

This summer course for advanced prosthodontics students is the first of three research courses in the second year. It is designed to offer an opportunity to review the literature and to design and complete a laboratory or clinical research project under the direction of a faculty advisor. Research should result in a paper suitable for publication in a peer-rated journal. Students in the master's programs will be expected to collect and analyze data for a thesis which must be defended as the culmination of research efforts.

PROS 6093. Research 2. 2 Credit Hours.

This summer course for advanced prosthodontics students is the first of three research courses in the 2nd year. It is designed to offer an opportunity to review the literature and to design and complete a laboratory or clinical research project under the direction of a faculty advisor. Research should result in a paper suitable for publication in a peer-rated journal. Students in the masters programs will be expected to collect and analyze data for a thesis which must be defended as the culmination of research efforts.

PROS 6094. Removable Prosthodontics for the Partially Endentulous Patient. 2 Credit Hours.

A preclinical lecture course stressing the association of biological and mechanical principles in planning and constructing removable partial dentures. Emphasis is placed on establishing a proper working relationship with commercial dental laboratories.

PROS 6095. Preclinic Removable Partial Lab. 1 Credit Hour.

Exercises associated with the lecture course including diagnosis, treatment planning, survey and design, and the construction technique of removable partial dentures are presented. Lab fee included in general laboratory fee.

PROS 6096. Research 3. 2 Credit Hours.

This fall course for advanced prosthodontic students is the second of three research courses in the 3rd year. It is designed to offer an opportunity to review the literature and to design and complete a laboratory or clinical research project under the direction of a faculty advisor. Research should result in a paper by certificate students suitable for publication in a peer-rated journal. Students in the masters programs will be expected to collect and analyze data for a thesis which must be defended as the culmination of research efforts.

PROS 6097. Research 3. 2 Credit Hours.

This course for third-year students in advanced prosthodontics is offered in the fall only for M.S. Prosthodontic degree students and in both the fall and spring for certificate students who matriculated in 2011. It is designed to offer an opportunity to review the literature and design and complete a laboratory or clinical research project under the direction of a faculty advisor. Certificate program research should result in a paper suitable for publication in a peer-rated journal or a scholarly presentation at an approved specialty venue.

PROS 6098. Thesis. 1-9 Credit Hours.

Completion of an acceptable thesis is required for the Master of Science in Prosthodontics degree. Registration in this course for at least one semester is required of all degree candidates. Admission to candidacy for the Master of Science degree is required in order to enroll in this course.

PROS 6121. Advanced Prosthodontics 3. 1 Credit Hour.

This fall continuum course provides an open forum for a wide variety of faculty and guest consultants on topics of special interest to the specialty of prosthodontics.

PROS 6122. Advanced Prosthodontics 3. 1 Credit Hour.

This spring continuum course provides an open forum for a wide variety of faculty and guest consultants on topics of special interest to the specialty of prosthodontics.

PROS 7018. Fixed Prosthodontics. 1 Credit Hour.

This course is designed to be adjunct to and to complement the preclinical course so that the student correlates previous instruction in the clinical care of patients in need of crowns and/or fixed partial dentures.

PROS 7019. Fixed Prosthodontics Clinic. 4.5 Credit Hours.

This clinical course consists of diagnosis and treatment planning, instruction in making complete and partial veneer crown preparations and modifications, management of supportive tissues, provision of adequate pain control for restorative procedures, fabrication and insertion of provisional as well as cast restorations, and instruction to patients in the care and maintenance of restorations.

PROS 7091. Removable Partial Denture Prosthodontics Lecture. 0.5 Credit Hours.

This didactic course is designed to acquaint the student with a variety of approaches that may be used in treating the partially edentulous mouth. Lectures cover critical steps in treatment of the partially edentulous patient, stabilization of periodontically weakened teeth, intracoronal and other attachments used in partial denture construction, swinglock partial dentures, removable partial overdentures, and cancer therapy as it relates to prosthodontic treatment.

PROS 7092. Removable Partial Dentures Clinic. 1.5 Credit Hour.

A clinical experience designed to place continued emphasis on diagnosis, treatment planning, design principles, mouth preparation, and dental laboratory coordination. The student is given the opportunity to correlate biological and mechanical information in clinical care of patients requiring removable partial dentures. The student is required to complete treatment for one partial denture patient during the junior year.

PROS 7095. Complete Dentures Lecture. 1 Credit Hour.

This course offers a series of lectures designed to present more sophisticated concepts in the prosthodontic treatment of edentulous and partially edentulous patients not included in previous courses. Lecture topics include preparation of the tissues for dentures, complete denture esthetics, occlusal systems for complete dentures, single complete dentures, immediate dentures, overdentures, maintenance care for the complete denture patient, and relining of dentures.

PROS 7099. Complete Dentures Clinic. 2.5 Credit Hours.

This clinical course consists of diagnosis and treatment planning, management of supportive tissues, fabrication and placement of complete dentures, and instruction to patients in the care and maintenance of complete dentures. The clinical experiences encourage students to correlate biological and biomechanical information into the prosthodontic treatment of edentulous and partially edentulous patients.

PROS 8001. Dental Implantology. 0.5 Credit Hours.

This course is designed to be an ever-evolving lecture series designed to provide senior dental students with more information regarding advanced topics in implant dentistry. The premise of this course is to provide evidenced-based materials regarding the latest information and current topic of interest in the field of implant dentistry. Lecture topics may include but are not limited to advanced treatment planning, immediate provisionalization (Non-loaded) of dental implants, the controversy of connecting an implant to a natural tooth, implant esthetics, advanced prosthodontic techniques, and implant and the maxillofacial patient.

PROS 9021. Adv Prosthodontics 2. 5 Credit Hours.

This continuation course for second-year advanced prosthodontic students is designed to provide the postdoctoral student with the didactic basis for advanced clinical prosthodontic care.

PROS 9022. Advanced Prosthodontics 2. 5 Credit Hours.

This continuation course for second-year advanced prosthodontic students is designed to provide the postdoctoral student with the didactic basis for advanced clinical prosthodontic care.

PROS 9023. Advanced Prosthodontics 2. 5 Credit Hours.

This continuation course for second-year advanced prosthodontics students is designed to provide the postdoctoral student with the didactic basis for advanced clinical prosthodontic care.

PROS 9024. Adv Prosthodontics 3. 5 Credit Hours.

This course is designed to provide the postdoctoral student with the opportunity to gain the prerequisite background and clinical experience in prosthodontic procedures. Fixed, removable, and overdenture concepts and treatment procedures will be emphasized.

PROS 9029. Clinical Prosthodontics 2. 4.5 Credit Hours.

This fall course for second-year advanced prosthodontic students is designed to provide extensive clinical experience in the broad spectrum of prosthodontics as a fifth clinical course in a progressively complex clinical prosthodontic curriculum. Each student will have opportunity to maintain a comprehensive prosthodontic practice involving fixed, removable, and implant treatment procedures.

PROS 9030. Clinical Prosthodontics 2. 2 Credit Hours.

This summer course for second-year advanced prosthodontics students is designed to provide extensive clinical experience in the broad spectrum of prosthodontics as a fourth clinical course in a progressively complex clinical prosthodontic curriculum. Each student will have the opportunity to maintain a comprehensive prosthodontic practice involving fixed, removable, and implant treatment procedures.

PROS 9031. Clinical Prosthodontics 1. 6 Credit Hours.

This course provides instruction in the laboratory procedures and clinical aspects of complete dentures, removable partial dentures, fixed, and implant prosthodontics. Residents are required to understand laboratory techniques and dental materials and to perform all phases of laboratory support related to clinical prosthodontics.

PROS 9032. Clinical Pros 1. 2 Credit Hours.

This spring course for advanced prosthodontic students is designed to provide extensive clinical experience in the broad spectrum of prosthodontics as a sixth clinical course in a progressively complex clinical prosthodontic curriculum. Each student will have the opportunity to maintain a comprehensive prosthodontic practice involving fixed, removable, and implant treatment procedures.

PROS 9040. Hosp Maxillofacial Rotation. 1.5 Credit Hour.

Rotation in the Maxillofacial Prosthetics Department gives residents clinical exposure to geriatric and maxillofacial patients. 3rd year residents provide treatment for a patient requiring an obturator prosthesis. Residents with special interest in maxillofacial prosthetics may have the opportunity to treat additional maxillofacial patients that require other various prostheses.

PROS 9073. Literature Seminar 1. 3 Credit Hours.

This course for second-year advanced prosthodontics students is one of a series of courses given in a three-year continuum of classical literature review seminars.

PROS 9074. Literature Seminar 2. 3 Credit Hours.

This course for second-year advanced prosthodontics students is one of a series of courses given in a three-year continuum of classical literature review seminars.

PROS 9075. Literature Seminar 2. 3 Credit Hours.

This course for second-year advanced prosthodontics students is one of a series of courses given in a three-year continuum of classical literature review seminars.

PROS 9076. Literature Seminar 3. 3 Credit Hours.

The broad field of prosthodontics literature is systematically reviewed with the objective of providing the postdoctoral student with a background of prosthodontics knowledge and history.

PROS 9077. Literature Seminar 3. 3 Credit Hours.

The broad field of prosthodontics literature is systematically reviewed with the objective of providing the postdoctoral student with a background of prosthodontics knowledge and history.

PROS 9097. Research. 1-9 Credit Hours.

The student develops a research protocol and background literature search for a clinical, laboratory, or animal model research project.